Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Spatial Spillovers: a methodological framework to evaluate the European value added of TEN-T projects
Year:2009
Research Areas
  • Transport
Information
Abstract
The 1994 Essen European Council identified a number of major priority projects which were subsequently incorporated into outline plans adopted by the Parliament and the Council, which provide a basis for EU co-financing of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). Many of the TEN-T projects are now under construction and there are only few examples in which their construction is completely finished. Such projects require a considerable amount of financial resources. The EU contribution has proved to be an insufficient aid to the Member States. In fact, scarcity of funds is at the basis of some delays in implementing this policy, together with a slow planning activity and difficulties in reaching a consensus. In particular, the EU faces difficulties to distribute the investment costs for the construction of TEN-T cross-border projects among the countries involved. Moreover, some of those links of the TEN-T are located in outlying areas and enclaves near the borders of EU countries, where demand is not enough to justify the need for new infrastructure. A delay in providing these infrastructures means that these regions cannot be properly linked. However, these cross-border stretches have a crucial importance from a European perspective, because their construction provides a high European value added (EVA). EVA refers to the extent to which a policy action increases transport efficiency or stimulates new development at the European level, which is above what is seen as a national or local priority. There is a lack of an integrated approach during the planning, evaluation and funding process of cross-border infrastructure. It is important to acknowledge that the state of the art in respect of the assessment of infrastructure programmes is less well-developed than that for individual projects. In the context of a major programme such as the TEN-T, this creates the potential for difficulties, as conflicts appear between European, national and local impacts. In this context, our study proposes a methodology based in the concept of spatial spillovers to measure the EVA of TEN-T projects. Spatial spillovers are defined as those accessibility improvements located in one country due to new transport infrastructure built in a different country. Accessibility indicators are calculated in a Geographical Information System (GIS) environment. The validity of the methodology is tested with its application of a selection of TEN-T projects. Each project is splited in different stretches and subsequently the EVA of each stretch is measured in terms of its spatial spillovers. With this methodology we intend to move a step forward in the development of appraisal methods available to assess TEN-T projects, following a perspective focused on the strategic objectives defined at the EU level
International
Si
Congress
NECTAR Cluster 6 Meeting
960
Place
Pula - Cagliari (Italia)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
Start Date
16/10/2009
End Date
17/10/2009
From page
0
To page
0
Book of Abstracts
Participants
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
  • Autor: Elena López Suárez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Investigación en Planificación del Transporte
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes
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