Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Detection of intergenomic chromosome rearrangements in irradiated Triticum aestivum/Aegilops biuncialis amphiploids by multicolour genomic in situ hybridization.
Year:2009
Research Areas
  • Genetics
Information
Abstract
The frequency and pattern of irradiation-induced intergenomic chromosome rearrangements were analysed in the mutagenised (M0) and the first selfed (M1) generations of Triticum aestivum-Aegilops biuncialis amphiploids (2n=70; AABBDDUbUbMbMb) by multicolour genomic in situ hybridization (mcGISH). McGISH allowed the simultaneous discrimination of individual Ae. biuncialis genomes and wheat chromosomes. Dicentric chromosomes, fragments and terminal translocations were most frequently induced by ¿-irradiation, but centric fusions and internal exchanges were also more abundant in the treated plants than in control amphiploids. Rearrangements involving the Ub genome (Ub-type aberrations) were more frequent than those involving the Mb genome (Mb-type aberrations). This irradiation sensitivity of the Ub chromosomes was attributed to their centromeric or near centromeric regions, since Ub-type centric fusions were significantly more abundant than Mb-type centric fusions at all irradiation doses. Dicentrics completely disappeared, but centric fusions and translocations were well transmitted from M0 to M1. Identification of specific chromosomes involved in some rearrangements was attempted by sequential FISH with a mix of repeated DNA probes and GISH on the same slide. The irradiated amphiploids formed fewer seeds than untreated plants, but normal levels of fertility were recovered in their offspring. The irradiation-induced wheat-Ae. biuncialis intergenomic translocations will facilitate the successful introgression of drought tolerance and other alien traits into bread wheat.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
GENOME
ISBN
0831-2796
Impact factor JCR
1,713
Impact info
Volume
52
Journal number
0
From page
156
To page
165
Month
ENERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Participante: M MOLNÁR-LANG
  • Autor: Maria Elena Benavente Barzana (UPM)
  • Participante: I MOLNÁR
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Mejora Genética de plantas
  • Departamento: Biotecnología
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