Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Reorganization of functional connectivity as a correlate of cognitive recovery in acquired brain injury.
Año:2010
Áreas de investigación
  • Salud
Datos
Descripción
Cognitive processes require a functional interaction between specialized multiple, local and remote brain regions. Although these interactions can be strongly altered by an acquired brain injury, brain plasticity allows network reorganization to be principally responsible for recovery. The present work evaluates the impact of brain injury on functional connectivity patterns. Networks were calculated from resting-state magnetoencephalographic recordings from 15 brain injured patients and 14 healthy controls by means of wavelet coherence in standard frequency bands. We compared the parameters defining the network, such as number and strength of interactions as well as their topology, in controls and patients for two conditions: following a traumatic brain injury and after a rehabilitation treatment. A loss of delta- and theta-based connectivity and conversely an increase in alpha- and beta-band-based connectivity were found. Furthermore, connectivity parameters approached controls in all frequency bands, especially in slow-wave bands. A correlation between network reorganization and cognitive recovery was found: the reduction of delta-band-based connections and the increment of those based on alpha band correlated with Verbal Fluency scores, as well as Perceptual Organization and Working Memory Indexes, respectively. Additionally, changes in connectivity values based on theta and beta bands correlated with the Patient Competency Rating Scale. The current study provides new evidence of the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying neuronal plasticity processes after brain injury, and suggests that these changes are related with observed changes at the behavioural level.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
No
Título de la revista
Brain : a journal of neurology
ISSN
0006-8950
Factor de impacto JCR
0
Información de impacto
Volumen
133
DOI
Número de revista
8
Desde la página
2365
Hasta la página
2381
Mes
AGOSTO
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Nazareth Perales Castellanos (UPM)
  • Autor: Francisco del Pozo Guerrero (UPM)
  • Autor: Ricardo Bajo Breton (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Bioingeniería y Telemedicina
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de tecnología Biomédica CTB
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