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Effects of european emissions trading system application to non EU airlines.
Áreas de investigación
  • Ingeniería aeronaútica
3rd TRANSTEC Congress New Delhi, April 4-7, 2010 Effects of European Emission Trading System application to non-EU airlines (Session presentation) AUTHOR Dr. Arturo Benito Head of Air Transport Department Polytechnic University, Madrid, Spain Plaza del Cardenal Cisneros 3 28040 Madrid ¿ Spain Ph. +34913366316 mobile +34690633231 fax +34913366321 e-mail: abenito@aero.upm.es ABSTRACT The European Union requires the application of an Emission Trading System (ETS) to all the flights arriving to or departing from EU airports beginning on 1st of January, 2012, according to the rules published in the Directive 2008/101/EC (January 13, 2009). While there are some reservations on the applicability of this scheme to non EU airlines, leading to a formal legal challenge by three US airlines in a British court, it seems likely that the system will be enforced and its provisions will apply to foreign carriers. Although actual emissions trading will take place in 2012 and on, part of the regulation started to be applicable in January 2010, in order to gather airline data that will be used for distribution of free emissions permits and the part of those permits to be auctioned. European Union carriers will have almost every flight included in the ETS, but non EU airlines participation will be limited to flights touching one EU airport, representing a relatively small part of their route system. However, they will be subject to the same administrative requirements, being forced to submit Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) procedures (Commission Decision 2009/339/EC) to the EU Authority corresponding to the country with the most emissions from that carrier (Commission Regulation No. 748/2009). 2 This paper explores some of the most likely consequences for non EU carriers, coming from the entry into force of the ETS system, both during 2010 and after 1st of January 2012, when the system will start to be applicable. These effects may be classified in six categories: - Strategies to obtain the maximum number of free permits in the first distribution, to be made on 2010 traffic basis - Participation in the CO2 auctioning or other carbon market elements, as a way to obtain additional permits if needed - Other Kyoto Protocol tools for achieving additional permits (Joint Implementation, Clean Development Mechanisms) - Fuel saving policies, in order to minimize the number of permits needed since 2012 - New schemes for route evaluation, considering the repercussions of ETS - General planning (fleet and network) including carbon accounting. As a conclusion, the paper will show that ETS application to civil aviation will have some unavoidable economical penalties and a non desirable administrative burden but, at the same time, offers a number of possibilities for minimizing the negative effects of those measures and obtaining some competitive advantages if the airlines take early measures and elaborate the right planning tools with enough anticipation. Key words: Emissions Trading, air transport economics, carbon market.
Nombre congreso
3 rd Conference Transport Science and Technology. TRANSTEC.
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Título de las actas
Effects of european emissions trading system application to non EU airlines.
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Arturo Benito Ruiz de Villa (UPM)
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  • Creador: Departamento: Infraestructura, Sistemas Aeroespaciales y Aeropuertos
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