New process for manufacturing lighter mortars with higher sound and thermal insulation resistance
Regulatory changes proposed by the Spanish Technical Building Code (CTE) in 2007, have shown that many of the filling elements used in the construction of buildings do not meet the new thermal and acoustic requirements. As a solution, researchers from the Technical University of Madrid and the University of La Laguna propose the improvement of mortars using fine aggregates by including treated expanded polystyrene (EPSt). Thus, a lighter material with higher sound and thermal insulation properties, as well as better water vapor resistance - compared to currently used mortars-, is obtained. In addition, it increases the useful area of the building.
From the research conducted to improve thermal, acoustic and water vapor transmission properties of mortars using fine aggregates (volcanic ash) such as a pyroclastic, whose scientific name is "lapilli“. This new mortar can obtain vibrated concrete blocks that meet the requirements of the CTE regulation.
In this new mortar part of the aggregate (lapilli) has been replaced by treated expanded polystyrene (EPSt).
The material obtained is lighter, more acoustically and thermal insulating as well as water vapor resistant, than the ones used today.
“The Aridolar mortars meet the requirements of the Spanish Technical Building Code 2007 in an economically viable way”
The entry into force of the Basic Document "DB-HR protection against noise" and "the limitation of the energy demand" under the Spanish CTE regulation in 2007, has led to an in-depth review of the thermal-acoustic properties of the filling elements used in the construction of buildings (blocks, hollow bricks, plates, panels, etc.) confirming that many of them do not meet the requirements of the regulations.
“A 5 cm panel coated with plaster on both sides, turned out to have the same sound insulation, as a wall built with vibrated concrete blocks of 15 cm thick and coated with plaster on both sides"
“The buildings built with blocks made with this new mortar will substantially increase the useful area of the building"
Mercedes del Río Merino
School of Building
Innovation, Commercialization and Entrepreneurship Area
Centre of Support for Technological Innovation – UPM