Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Soil fragmentation study applying different tillage systems

Research Areas
  • Physics chemical and mathematical,
  • Engineering

Runoff generation depends on rainfall, infiltration, interception, and surface depressional storage. Surface depressional storage depends on surface microtopography, usually quantified trough soil surface roughness (SSR). SSR is subject to spatial and temporal changes that create a high variability. In an agricultural environment, tillage operations produce abrupt changes in roughness. Subsequent rainfall gradually decreases roughness. Beside it, local variation in soil properties and hydrology cause its SSR to vary spatially at different scales. The methods commonly used to measure it involve collecting point elevations in regular grids using laser profilers or scanners, digital close range stereo-photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanning or LIDAR systems. In this case, a laser-scanning instrument was used to obtain representative digital elevation models (DEMs) at a grid resolution of 7.2x7.2mm that cover an area of 0.9x0.9m. The DEMs were obtained from two study sites with different soils. The first study site was an experimental field on which five conventional tillage methods were applied. The second study site was a large olive orchard with trees planted at 7.5x5.0m and bare soils between rows. Here, three tillage treatments were applied. In this work we have evaluated the spatial variability of SSR at several scales studying differences in height calculated from points separated by incremental distances h were raised to power values q (from 0 to 4 in steps of 0.1). The q = 2 data were studied as a semivariogram model. The logarithm of average differences plotted vs. log h were characterized by their slope, ?(q). Structure functions [?(q) vs. q] were fitted showing that data had nonlinear structure functions typical of multiscale phenomena. Comparisson of the two types of soil in their respective structure functions are shown.
European Geosciences Union General Assembly (EGU 2011)
Viena, Austria
Start Date
End Date
From page
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8th EGU General Assembly. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 13, 8656 (2011). []
  • Autor: Ana Maria Tarquis Alfonso UPM
  • Autor: Antonio Saa Requejo UPM
  • Autor: Jesús Rodriguez-Gonzalez Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS)
  • Autor: Jose Alfonso Gómez Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS)
  • Autor: Pablo Zarco-Tejada Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Córdoba

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Automatización en Señal y Comunicaciones (GASC)
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM)
  • Departamento: Matemática Aplicada a la Ingeniería Agronómica