Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Rockfall detachment susceptibility map in El Hierro island, Canary Islands, Spain.
Año:2012
Áreas de investigación
  • Matemáticas,
  • Ciencia del suelo,
  • Oceanografía,
  • Geología,
  • Geografía,
  • Geomorfología
Datos
Descripción
A semi-quantitative heuristic methodology is developed to map a rockfall detachment susceptibility zonation of El Hierro Island (Canary Archipelago). The rationalized procedure, which we called non-weighted bounded indicators, is based on overlapping thematic maps of conditioning factors to mass movement, which are appropriately and individually rescaled and then composed by addition to obtain a susceptibility numerical index through a GIS. As the consistency of the geomorphological analysis depends on the expert subjective criteria and the appropriate interpretation of the landscape, the use of this methodology reduces subjectivity and quanti?es the degree of susceptibility. The main factors affecting the mass movement phenomena (rockfalls events), also recognized in the ?eld and, therefore, considered in the presented GIS arrangement, are slope, pro?le curvature, lithology, vegetation cover and dykes density. To calculate the slope threshold or minimum angle characteristic of rockfall source areas, mixed Gaussian slope frequency decomposition is used. The curvature index reveals stepwise areas. Qualitative geomechanical characteristics are linked to a quantitative index according to a volcanic lithological-complexes classi?cation. Both destabilization (root-wedging) and stabilization effects are considered into the vegetation cover index. The dyke density index incorporates the bearing rock capacity decrease produced in the halo around a dyke network intrusion. Slope, curvature and vegetation indexes thresholds have been ?tted following ?eld observations. A rockfall detachment susceptibility map is obtained and classi?ed based on the histogram maxima. The rockfall inventory, based on rockfall events reported within the island, was used for the model validation. A 12 % of the whole island shows medium to very high susceptibility.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
Natural Hazards
ISSN
0921-030X
Factor de impacto JCR
1,398
Información de impacto
Datos JCR del año 2010
Volumen
DOI
10.1007/s11069-012-0295-1
Número de revista
64
Desde la página
1247
Hasta la página
1271
Mes
JULIO
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Marta Fernandez Hernandez (UPM)
  • Autor: Carlos Paredes Bartolome (UPM)
  • Autor: Ricardo Castedo Ruiz (UPM)
  • Autor: Rogelio de la Vega Panizo (UPM)
  • Autor: Miguel Llorente Isidro (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería de Georrecursos y Modelización
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)