Memorias de investigación
Buses with a High Level of Service: Fundamental characteristics and recommendations for decision-making and research

Research Areas
  • Transport

All across Europe, new urban bus schemes of high quality are being implemented. These are known as BHLS ? ?Bus with High Level of Service?. They are not necessarily "new solutions" or some innova-tive form of transport looking for a market. Many BHLS systems restore the efficiency buses had for most of the 20th Century when there were no congestion problems. They improve the network attrac-tivity with the addition of significant investment in system reliability, customer support and marketing. The bus is the primary form of public transport both in Europe and globally1. Where demand is high it is normally transported by Metro and LRT. One of the greatest paradoxes of modern transport plan-ning has been the excessive focus on very expensive projects of limited scope (although effective at their point of application), while ignoring the degraded conditions for the vast majority of public transport customers. These are the result of poor urban structure and form, and greatly exacerbated by urban sprawl. This has contributed to the degradation of economic and financial conditions of public transport in the last four decades of the 20th century, with great loss from public to private forms of transport. Very large public expenditures are then required to try to regain fractions of the lost busi-ness. BHLS can help to change part of this context, and it is now important to understand the key fac-tors for the bus revival.
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Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte