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Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Impact of nitrogen uptake on field water balance in fertirrigated melon.
Año:2012
Áreas de investigación
  • Matemáticas,
  • Ciencias naturales y ciencias de la salud,
  • Ciencias de la tierra,
  • Ciencia del suelo
Datos
Descripción
Agronomic management in Ciudad Real, a province in central Spain, is characteristic of semi-arid cropped areas whose water supplies have high nitrate (NO3?) content due to environmental degradation. This situation is aggravated by the existence of a restrictive subsurface layer of ?caliche? or hardpan at a depth of 0.60 m. Under these circumstances, fertirrigation rates, including nitrogen (N) fertilizer schedules, must be carefully calibrated to optimize melon yields while minimizing the N pollution and water supply. Such optimization was sought by fertilizing with different doses of N and irrigating at 100% of the ETc (crop evapotranspiration), adjusted for this crop and area. The N content in the four fertilizer doses used was: 0, 55, 82 and 109 kg N ha?1. Due to the NO3? content in the irrigation water, however, the actual N content was 30 kg ha?1 higher in all four treatments repeated in two different years. The results showed correlation between melon plant N uptake and drainage (Dr), which in turn affects the amount of N leached, as well as correlation between Dr and LAI (leaf area index) for each treatment. A fertilizer factor (?) was estimated through two methods, from difference in Dr and in LAI ratio with respect to the maximum N dose, to correct ETc based on N doses. The difference was found in the adjusted evapotranspiration in both years using the corresponding ? achieved 42?49 mm at vegetative period, depending on the method, and it was not significant at senescent period. Finally, a growth curve between N uptake and plant dry weight (DW) for each treatment was defined to confirm that the observed higher plant vigour, showing higher LAI and reduced Dr, was due mainly to higher N doses.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
Agricultural Water Management
ISSN
0378-3774
Factor de impacto JCR
1,998
Información de impacto
Datos JCR del año 2011
Volumen
diciembre
DOI
doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.10.020
Número de revista
Desde la página
1
Hasta la página
8
Mes
SIN MES
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Participantes
  • Autor: M.T. Castellanos
  • Autor: M.C. Cartagena
  • Autor: Fco. Ribas
  • Autor: M.J. Cabello
  • Autor: A. Arce
  • Autor: Ana Maria Tarquis Alfonso (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Automatización en Señal y Comunicaciones (GASC)
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM)
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