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Atmospheric Modelling of Tritium forms transport: review of capabilities and R&D needs for the assessment of fusion facilities environmental impact
Research Areas
  • Engineering
One of the key scrutiny issues of new coming energy era would be the environmental impact of fusion facilities managing one kg of tritium. The potential change of committed dose regulatory limits together with the implementation of nuclear design principles (As Low as Reasonably achievable - ALARA -, Defense in Depth -D-i-D-) for fusion facilities could strongly impact on the cost of deployment of coming fusion technology. Accurate modeling of environmental tritium transport forms (HT, HTO) for the assessment of fusion facility dosimetric impact in Accidental case appears as of major interest. This paper considers different short-term releases of tritium forms (HT and HTO) to the atmosphere from a potential fusion reactor located in the Mediterranean Basin. ?This work models in detail the dispersion of tritium forms and dosimetric impact of selected environmental patterns both inland and in-sea using real topography and forecast meteorological data-fields (ECMWF/FLEXPART). We explore specific values of this ratio in different levels and we examine the influence of meteorological conditions in the HTO behavior for 24 hours. For this purpose we have used a tool which consists on a coupled Lagrangian ECMWF/FLEXPART model useful to follow real time releases of tritium at 10, 30 and 60 meters together with hourly observations of wind (and in some cases precipitations) to provide a short-range approximation of tritium cloud behavior. We have assessed inhalation doses. And also HTO/HT ratios in a representative set of cases during winter 2010 and spring 2011 for the 3 air levels.
38 Reunión Anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Española
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  • Autor: P. Castro (CIEMAT)
  • Autor: Marta Velarde Mayol (UPM)
  • Autor: J. Ardao (ECMWF European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast)
  • Autor: Jose Manuel Perlado Martin (UPM)
  • Autor: L. Sedano (CIEMAT)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Fusión Nuclear Inercial y Tecnología de fusión
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Nuclear
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Instituto de Fusión Nuclear
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