Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Estudios termodinámicos de los procesos de vitrificación en la crioconservación de germoplasma vegetal
Áreas de investigación
  • Biología vegetal, animal y ecología
Currently, cryopreservation techniques have a growing importance for long term plant germplasm storage. These methods have undergone great progress during the last two decades, and adequate protocols for different plant systems have been developed, making use of diverse strategies, such as vitrification, encapsulation-dehydration with alginate beads and the droplet-vitrification method. This PhD thesis has the goal of increasing the knowledge on the processes underlying the different steps of cryopreservation protocols, in relation with the state of water on tissues and its changes, approached through diverse biophysical techniques, especially differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and low-temperature scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM). The processes of cooling to liquid nitrogen temperature and warming to room temperature, at the end of the storage period, critical for the survival of the cryopreserved material, are described in a first study on these cryopreservation methods. Both cooling and warming must be carried out as quickly as possible because, although the low water content achieved during previous protocol steps significantly reduces ice formation probability, it does not completely disappear. Within this context, the influence of plant vitrification solutions cooling and warming rate on their vitrification related thermophysical parameters is also analyzed, in relation to its composition and component concentration. These solutions are used in most of the currently employed plant material cryopreservation protocols. Additionally, the influence of other factors determining the stability of vitrified material is studied, such as glass aging. An experimental research work has been carried out on the use of cryo-SEM as a tool for visualizing the glassy state in cells and tissues, submitted to cryopreservation processes. It has been compared with the better known differential scanning calorimetry technique, and results in good agreement and complementary have been obtained. The effect on plant tissues of adaptation to low temperature and of the dehydration induced by the different treatments used in the protocols was explored also by these techniques. This study allows observation of the system biophysical evolution in the cryopreservation process. Lastly, the potential use of an additional chitosan film over the alginate beads used in encapsulation protocols was examined. No significant changes could be observed in its dehydration and calorimetric behavior, as well as in its surface aspect; its application for conferring additional properties to gel beads is promising.
Tipo de Tesis
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Aline Schneider Teixeira (UPM)
  • Director: M. Elena Gonzalez Benito (UPM)
  • Director: Antonio Molina (ICTAN-CSIC)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Biodiversidad y conservación de recursos fitogenéticos
  • Departamento: Biología Vegetal
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