Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
CO2 and Rn degassing from the natural analog of Campo de Calatrava(Spain): Implications for monitoring of CO2 storage sites
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Ciencias de la tierra,
  • Ingenierías
Datos
Descripción
Natural analogs offer a valuable opportunity to investigate the long-term impacts associated with thepotential leakage in geological storage of CO2. Degassing of CO2and radon isotopes (222Rn - 220Rn) from soil, gas vents and thermal water dischargeswas investigated in the natural analog of Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Field (CCVF; Central Spain) todetermine the CO2-Rn relationships and to assess the role of CO2as carrier gas for radon. Furthermore,radon measurements to discriminate between shallow and deep gas sources were evaluated under theperspective of their applicability in monitoring programs of carbon storage projects. CO2 flux as high as 5000 g m-2d-1 and 222Rn activities up to 430 kBq m-3 were measured; 220Rn activities were one order of magnitude lower than those of 222Rn. The 222Rn/220Rn ratios were used to constrainthe source of the Campo de Calatrava soil gases since a positive correlation between radon isotopic ratiosand CO2 fluxes was observed. Thus, in agreement with previous studies, our results indicate a deep mantle-related origin of CO2 for both free and soil gases, suggesting that carbon dioxide is an efficientcarrier for Rn. Furthermore, it was ascertained that the increase of 222Rn in the soil gases was likely produced by two main processes: (i) direct transport by a carrier gas, i.e., CO2 and (ii) generation at shallowlevel due to the presence of relatively high concentrations of dissolved U and Ra in the thermal aquiferof Campo de Calatrava. The diffuse CO2 soil flux and radon isotopic surveys carried out in the Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Fields can also be applicable to geochemical monitoring programs in CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) areas as these parameters are useful to: (i) constrain CO2leakages once detected and (ii) monitor both theevolution of the leakages and the effectiveness of subsequent remediation activities. These measurementscan also conveniently be used to detect diffuse leakages.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
ISSN
1750-5836
Factor de impacto JCR
3,944
Información de impacto
Datos JCR del año 2012
Volumen
32
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.014
Número de revista
Desde la página
1
Hasta la página
14
Mes
ENERO
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Javier de Elio Medina (UPM)
  • Autor: Marcelo Fabian Ortega Romero (UPM)
  • Autor: Barbara Nisi (CNR-IGG Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Pisa, Italy)
  • Autor: Luis Felipe Mazadiego Martinez (UPM)
  • Autor: Orlando Vaselli (Department of Earth Sciences, Florence, Italy)
  • Autor: Juan Caballero (UPM)
  • Autor: Fidel Grandia (AMPHOS21)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Estudios Ambientales
  • Departamento: Energía y Combustibles
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)