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Artículos en revistas:
Heart rate recovery in elite Spanish male athletes
Año:2014
Áreas de investigación
  • Ciencias naturales y ciencias de la salud
Datos
Descripción
During postexercise recovery, heart rate (HR) initially falls rapidly, followed by a period of slower decrease, until resting values are reached. The aim of the present work was to examine the differences in the recovery heart rate (RHR) between athletes engaged in static and dynamic sports. METHODS: The study subjects were 294 federated sportsmen competing at the national and international level in sports classified using the criteria of Mitchell et al. as either prevalently static (N.=89) or prevalently dynamic (N.=205). Within the dynamic group, the subjects who practised the most dynamic sports were assigned to further subgroups: triathlon (N.=20), long distance running (N.=58), cycling (N.=28) and swimming (N.=12). All athletes were subjected to a maximum exertion stress test and their HR recorded at 1, 2, 3 and 4 min (RHR1,2,3,4) into the HR recovery period. The following indices of recovery (IR) were then calculated: IR1=(HRpeak-RHR1,2,3,4)/(HRmax-HRrest)*100, IR2=(HRpeak-RHR1,2,3,4)/(HRmax/HRpeak), and IR3=HRpeak-RHR1,2,3,4. The differences in the RHR and IR for the static and dynamic groups were examined using two way ANOVA. RESULTS: The RHR at minutes 2 (138.7±15.2 vs. 134.8±14.4 beats·min?¹) and 3 (128.5±15.2 vs. 123.3±14.4 beats·min?¹) were significantly higher for the static group (Group S) than the dynamic group (Group D), respectively. Significant differences were seen between Group D and S with respect to IR1 at minutes 1 (26.4±8.7 vs. 24.8±8.4%), 2 (43.8±8.1 vs. 41.5±7.8%), 3 (52.1±8.3 vs. 49.1±8%) and 4 (56.8±8.6 vs. 55.4±7.4%) of recovery. For IR2, significant differences were seen between the same groups at minutes 2 (59.7±12.5 vs. 55.9±10.8 beats·min?¹) and 3 (71.0±13.5 vs. 66.1±11.4 beats·min?¹) of recovery. Finally, for IR3, the only significant difference between Group D and S was recorded at minute 3 of recovery (72.2±12.5 vs. 66.2±11.5 beats·min?¹). CONCLUSION: This work provides information on RHR of a large population of elite Spanish athletes, and shows marked differences in the way that HR recovers in dynamic and static sports.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
ISSN
0022-4707
Factor de impacto JCR
0,757
Información de impacto
Volumen
DOI
Número de revista
Desde la página
264
Hasta la página
270
Mes
SIN MES
Ranking
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Participantes
  • Autor: Ana Belen Peinado Lozano (UPM)
  • Autor: Pedro Jose Benito Peinado (UPM)
  • Autor: Fco. Javier Calderon Montero (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ejercicio Físico, Salud y sus Fundamentos Fisiológicos (EFISAF)
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