Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Pseudo-random Single Photon Counting for Space-borne Atmospheric Sensing Applications

Research Areas
  • Electronic technology and of the communications

The ability to accurately observe the Earth?s carbon cycles from space gives scientists an important tool to analyze climate change. Current space-borne Integrated-Path Differential Absorption (IPDA) lidar concepts have the potential to meet this need. They are mainly based on the pulsed time-offlight principle, in which two high energy pulses of different wavelengths interrogate the atmosphere for its transmission properties and are backscattered by the ground. In this paper, feasibility study results of a Pseudo-Random Single Photon Counting (PRSPC) IPDA lidar are reported. The proposed approach replaces the high energy pulsed source (e.g. a solidstate laser), with a semiconductor laser in CW operation with a similar average power of a few Watts, benefiting from better efficiency and reliability. The auto-correlation property of Pseudo-Random Binary Sequence (PRBS) and temporal shifting of the codes can be utilized to transmit both wavelengths simultaneously, avoiding the beam misalignment problem experienced by the pulsed techniques. The envelope signal to noise ratio has been analyzed, and various system parameters have been selected. By restricting the telescopes field-of-view, the dominant noise source of ambient light can be suppressed, and in addition with a low noise single photon counting detector, a retrieval precision of 1.5 ppm over 50 km along-track averaging could be attained. We also describe preliminary experimental results involving a negative feedback Indium Gallium Arsenide (InGaAs) single photon avalanche photodiode and a low power Distributed Feedback laser diode modulated with PRBS driven acoustic optical modulator. The results demonstrate that the detector saturation count rate is close for use in future spaceborne missions, and that the measurement linearity and precision should meet the stringent requirements set out by future Earth-observing missions.
IEEE Aerospace Conference 2014
Big Sky, Montana, USA
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Aerospace Conference, 2014 IEEE
  • Autor: Xiao Ai University of Bristol
  • Autor: Richard William Nock University of Bristol
  • Autor: Nairn Dahnoun University of Bristol
  • Autor: John Rarity University of Bristol
  • Autor: Antonio Consoli Barone UPM
  • Autor: Ignacio Esquivias Moscardo UPM
  • Autor: Mathieu Quatrevalet Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- und Raumfahrt(DLR)
  • Autor: Gerhard Ehret Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- und Raumfahrt(DLR)

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Fotónica Aplicada
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Materiales y Dispositivos Avanzados para Tecnologías de Información y Comunicaciones