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Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model - The case of Madrid
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Transporte
Datos
Descripción
Accessibility is an essential concept widely used to evaluate the impact of transport and land-use strategies in urban planning and policy making. Accessibility is typically evaluated by using separately a transport model or a land-use model. This paper embeds two accessibility indicators (i.e., potential and adaptive accessibility) in a land use and transport interaction (LUTI) model in order to assess transport policies implementation. The first aim is to define the adaptive accessibility, considering the competition factor at territorial level (e.g. workplaces and workers). The second aim is to identify the optimal implementation scenario of policy measures using potential and adaptive accessibility indicators. The analysis of the results in terms of social welfare and accessibility changes closes the paper. Two transport policy measures are applied in Madrid region: a cordon toll and increase bus frequency. They have been simulated through the MARS model (Metropolitan Activity Relocation Simulator, i.e. LUTI model). An optimisation procedure is performed by MARS for maximizing the value of the objective function in order to find the optimal policy implementation (first best). Both policy measures are evaluated in terms of accessibility. Results show that the introduction of the accessibility indicators (potential and adaptive) influence the optimal value of the toll price and bus frequency level, generating different results in terms of social welfare. Mapping the difference between potential and adaptive accessibility indicator shows that the main changes occur in areas where there is a strong competition among different land-use opportunities.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
No
Título de la revista
Computers, Environment And Urban Systems
ISSN
0198-9715
Factor de impacto JCR
1,537
Información de impacto
2014 JCR Social Science Edition
Volumen
49
DOI
Número de revista
Desde la página
126
Hasta la página
135
Mes
ENERO
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Yang Wang (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
  • Autor: Floridea Di Ciommo
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
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