Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Áreas de investigación
  • Ingenierías
From the beginning of history of science and technology, humankind has sought inspiration from the wonders created by Nature and natural evolution. In the last century, several key inventions were inspired by biological mechanisms found in diverse organisms in Nature: from the invention of Velcro - inspired by the way burdock burrs get attached to fur - up to the development of new energy technologies. The fins of humpback whales were the inspiration to create more powerful wind turbines, and the wave vortices, produced by schools of swimming fish, inspired a new optimization of spatial disposition of wind farms. Optics is no exception. One of the great challenges of optical design is to achieve optical systems ever smaller, with larger field of view and acceptance. Natural evolution found a solution in the vision system of many invertebrates, such as a fly - the compound eye. A compound eye consists of a large number of extremely small vision systems on a curved macro surface, capturing a large field of view, while maintaining their dimensions small. The concept of compound eye has been adapted for optical design, and in the last quarter of century different kinds of multichannel systems were developed. Similarly to how a compound eye works, light splits and is transmitted through a number of different channels and then recombined, either optically or electronically. Multichannel systems have met applications in both imaging and nonimaging optics. In imaging applications, arrays of multi aperture optics have been researched for achieving miniaturization, and for achieving high resolution in specific sectors of the field of view. The segmentation of the field of view has the potential to break the usual trade-off between focal length and field of view, and leads to a reduction of the imaging system's total track length. Multichannel design has been applied in technologies such as vision sensors, head mounted displays and cameras, among others. Nonimaging optics is a branch of optics that deals with the efficient transfer of light between a source and a receiver. It is the best approach for designing solar concentrators and illumination systems, among other applications. The name comes from the fact that there is no requirement to create an image of the source, and the only concern is the efficient light transfer, which provides a larger freedom to design systems.
Tipo de Tesis
Sobresaliente cum laude
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Joao Mendes Lopes (UPM)
  • Director: Juan Carlos Miñano Dominguez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería Óptica
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Domótica Integral, CEDINT
  • Departamento: Electrónica Física
S2i 2023 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)