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Ponencias en congresos:
Comparison of microscale traffic emission models for urban networks
Año:2017
Áreas de investigación
  • Tecnología química
Datos
Descripción
Traffic is the major source of pollution in many cities. Despite recent efforts to improve air quality, some issues (usually related to NOX and PM) remain in urban areas worldwide. Ambient air quality standards non-compliance situations are often linked to traffic-related hot-spots. The assessment of potential solutions for such locations requires very high-resolution models that can successfully capture the complexity of the processes that determine emissions from mobile sources and provide accurate inputs for highly detailed microscale air quality models. These estimations are based on acceleration-deceleration processes and speed that are significantly influenced by congestion. There are several approaches that can be used for this purpose. Among them, modal emission models are able to compute emission rates as a function of specific engine or vehicle operating modes with very high temporal resolution (seconds) being suitable for this kind of analysis. The aim of this work is to obtain detailed traffic emissions from simulated driving patterns in different typologies of complex urban network configurations in Australia and Spain. To obtain detailed traffic results, a microscale traffic flow simulation model was fed with measured traffic data. Traffic results were used as input for two microscale modal emission models (the Australian PdP and the European PHEM-light). To understand the response of these models, detailed estimation of NOX emissions and fuel consumption for diverse vehicle types were compared. In addition to differences on vehicle classification and other implementation details, large differences in the results are observed due to Power-to-Mass ratios. Therefore, it is essential to define power and load parameters as accurately as possible for each vehicle class (in addition to realistic driving patterns) to obtain accurate emissions. Our test suggest that satisfactory results can be achieved with any of the models if reliable information of vehicle fleet composition and vehicle characteristics is provided.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
CASANZ17 - 23rd Biennial International Clean Air and Environment Conference
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Brisbane (Australia)
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
0000000000000
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
15/10/2017
Fecha fin congreso
18/10/2017
Desde la página
54
Hasta la página
54
Título de las actas
The critical atmosphere CASANZ17 Conference handbook (www.casanz2017.com)
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Christina Quaassdorff (UPM)
  • Autor: Robin Smit (The University of Queensland)
  • Autor: Rafael Borge Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Mark Hickman (The University of Queensland)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Tecnologías Ambientales y Recursos Industriales
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
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