Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Blasting seismographs: Transfer functions, standards and accuracy
Año:2017
Áreas de investigación
  • Ingeniería civil y arquitectura
Datos
Descripción
In this work a blasting seismograph was tested on a vibration shaker controlled by a single-point laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV). A total of 43 tests were made to measure the transfer properties (transmissibility and phase shift) of the basic elements of the full monitoring chain and investigate the performance of the full system. The main elements of the seismograph are described by second order transfer functions with typical parameters calibrated through nonlinear fit of the measured responses. The resulting transfer function is used to compare the behavior of the tested seismograph with four theoretical seismographs representative of those used in blasting. Fifteen theoretical inputs are run through the transfer function of each seismograph to assess their steady-response. The error (expressed as gain) in the peak velocity has been assessed. It varies from -1.5 to 2.3 dB (equivalent to a transmissibility of 0.84 to 1.3, respectively) depending on the seismograph and frequencies of the input. The largest errors occurred for input signals with frequencies in the low (<32 Hz) or high ranges (>125 Hz), where the mechanical, electronics and digital parts of the seismograph modify the signals. Seismographs with the nominal transfer function described by DIN 45669:1:2010 are ranked with the smallest errors. Monitoring devices with transmissibility around one in a narrow bandwidth, in line with ISEE suggested criteria for amplitude response, involve large phase shifts at low and high frequencies, resulting in a worst performance.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
43rd Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Technique
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Orlando, Florida
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
99-99999-99-9
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
29/01/2017
Fecha fin congreso
01/02/2017
Desde la página
635
Hasta la página
645
Título de las actas
Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Technique
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Pablo Segarra Catasus (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Angel Sanchidrian Blanco (UPM)
  • Autor: Iván del Castillo (Vibraquipo)
  • Autor: Ricardo Castedo Ruiz (UPM)
  • Autor: Lina Maria Lopez Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Navarro Miguel (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería de Georrecursos y Modelización
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)