|The Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure defines a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the European Union in order to minimise dependence on oil and to mitigate the environmental impact of transport. It sets out minimum requirements for the building-up of alternative fuels infrastructure to supply clean fuels for maritime transport and ports operations, including shore-side electricity where the demand is sufficient, gradually replacing the current coal and oil propulsion systems. Interventions for stimulating implementation of such infrastructure are therefore necessary. Within the framework of the Action, the overall objective is to assess the benefits and the costs to enable the use of shore-side electricity for sea-going ships in Spain, paving the way for a wider roll-out by 2025. Hence the Action strives to contribute to the implementation of Directive 2014/94/EU and indirectly to other EU Directives relating to emissions and air quality, such as Directive 2012/33/EU on sulphur content of marine fuels and on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe. The Action includes studies with real-life deployment of Onshore Power Supply Systems (OPS) on three Core Ports: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Las Palmas de Canarias and Palma de Majorca as well as with the installation of OPS capability on 9 sea-going vessels: 5 Ro-Ro ferries from Fred Olsen and 4 Ro-Ro Car-carriers from UECC. To achieve the overall objectives, four specific objectives will be met by implementing five different activities.
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