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Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Increased CO2 and temperature affect wheat and the performance of the aphid Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its natural enemy Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
Año:2018
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura
Datos
Descripción
Global environmental change is largely due to five abiotic drivers: climate warming, drought, elevated carbon dioxide (CO2), tropospheric ozone pollution, and increased nitrogen inputs. Among these factors, the concentration of CO2, the principal greenhouse gas which contributes to global warming, has increased due to human activity from 278 ppm in 1750 to over 400 ppm in 2018. According to the RCP6.0 future climate scenario proposed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, atmospheric CO2 concentration is likely to continue increasing to 720-1000 ppm in 2100. This will lead to a change in surface temperature of more than 2ºC since the beginning of the 21st century. Climate change is recognized as a considerable risk to agriculture worldwide, due to the direct impacts on crop production, yield stability and consequently food security. Pests and diseases are responsible for reducing plant production by 25-40%. Therefore, to increase future food stability, management of pests and diseases needs to be improved. We investigated the effects of elevated CO2 (eCO2) and temperature (eT) on the interactions between wheat; Barley yellow dwarf virus; the bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus (Hemiptera: Aphididae), an important virus vector; and its natural enemy, the parasitic wasp Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Aphid life history, parasitoid performance and plant physiology were examined under two different climate scenarios, current climate (aCO2 = 400 ppm, aT = 20ºC), and future climate (eCO2 = 800 ppm, eT =22ºC). Our findings emphasize the complexity of the interactions between plants, aphids, parasitoids and viruses under future climate with implications for plant disease epidemiology and crop production.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
Australian Entomological Society- 49th AGM & Scientific Conference
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Alice Springs, Australia
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
000-0-00-000000-0
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
23/09/2018
Fecha fin congreso
26/09/2018
Desde la página
94
Hasta la página
94
Título de las actas
Australian Entomological Society 49th AGM & Scientific Conference 23 ? 26 September 2018 Alice Springs Convention Centre Alice Springs Insects as the centre of our world
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Ana Moreno De la Fuente (UPM)
  • Autor: Alberto Fereres (Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, CSIC)
  • Autor: Elisa Viñuela Sandoval (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Pilar Medina Velez (UPM)
  • Autor: Piotr Trebicki (Agriculture Victoria Research)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Manejo Integrado de Plagas
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
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