Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Climate change impacts biological control; a case study involving the parasitoid Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the disease vector Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on melon plants
Año:2018
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura
Datos
Descripción
Global atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration has increased by 40 % since the pre- Industrial Revolution, predominantly as a result of increased fossil fuel emissions and deforestation. Carbon dioxide will alter temperature, rainfall and weather patterns, which will directly and indirectly affect crops, yield, food quality and overall, worldwide food security. It will also impact environment, pests and diseases through changes in plant growth, physiology and biochemical properties, among others. Increased CO2 levels alter the chemical composition of the plant by affecting its nutritional quality, which modifies feeding behaviour and biology of herbivorous insects. This in turn is thought to effect higher trophic levels, potentially impacting the biological control of agricultural pests. To test the extent of changes mediated by elevated CO2 (eCO2 = 700ppm) on plant, aphid and parasitoid interactions, we studied the phytophagous aphid pest Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its natural enemy, the parasitic wasp Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), developed on melon plant Cucumis melo Linnaeus (Cucurbitaceae). In the plant growth chambers, aphid development and fecundity were assessed under two CO2 levels as well as the parasitoid performance. This study aims to describe future interactions between an economically important pest and its natural enemy, which is currently used as an effective biological control option in Integrated Pest Management programs.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
Australian Entomological Society 49th AGM & Scientific Conference
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Alice Springs, Australia
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
000-0-00-000000-0
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
23/09/2018
Fecha fin congreso
26/09/2018
Desde la página
95
Hasta la página
95
Título de las actas
Australian Entomological Society 49th AGM & Scientific Conference 23-26 September 2018 Alice Springs Convention Centre Alice Springs Insects as the centre of our world
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Ana Moreno De la Fuente (UPM)
  • Autor: Ignacio Morales Marcos (UPM)
  • Autor: Elisa Garzo (Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, CSIC)
  • Autor: Alberto Fereres (Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, CSIC)
  • Autor: Elisa Viñuela Sandoval (UPM)
  • Autor: Piotr Trebicki (Agriculture Victoria Research)
  • Autor: Maria Pilar Medina Velez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Manejo Integrado de Plagas
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
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