Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Capítulo de libro:
Neuroacoustical Stimulation of Parkinson's Disease Patients: A Case Study
Año:2019
Áreas de investigación
  • Electroacustica,
  • Neurofisiología,
  • Neurociencia cognitiva,
  • Procesamiento de voz
Datos
Descripción
It is a well-known fact that Parkinson?s Disease (PD) patients present important alterations in speech and phonation. Recent studies have shown that neuroestimulation using binaural beats have an effect on the neuromotor and cognitive conditions of patients suffering from PD, at least temporarily after stimulation. The present study aims to test if this phenomenon has any observable effect on phonation as a manifestation of the patient?s neuromotor conditions. With this aim in mind, an experimental framework has been set up, consisting in the stimulation of PD patients with two types of signals, the first consists in a supposedly active signal (binaural beats and pink noise) and the second an inert signal (consisting only of pink noise), recording specific sustained vowels and reading text before and after each stimulation process. The sustained vowels were analyzed in further depth to estimate phonation features associated with instability (jitter, shimmer, biomechanical unbalances, and tremor in different bands). A specific study case is presented, for which the analysis shows statistically significant changes in phonation before and after active neurostimulation, whereas these changes were not detected when inert neurostimulation was used. This effect could open the possibility for the development of neuroacoustic rehabilitative therapies, based on low-cost portable acoustical stimulation devices.
Internacional
Si
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-19651-6_32
Edición del Libro
Editorial del Libro
Springer
ISBN
978-3-030-19651-6
Serie
Título del Libro
From Bioinspired Systems and Biomedical Applications to Machine Learning
Desde página
329
Hasta página
339
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Gerardo Miguel Galvez Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Gomez Rodellar (UPM)
  • Autor: Daniel Palacios Alonso (UPM)
  • Autor: Guillermo de Arcas Castro (UPM)
  • Autor: Pedro Gomez Vilda (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Investigación en Instrumentación y Acústica Aplicada (I2A2)
  • Departamento: Arquitectura y Tecnología de Sistemas Informáticos
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de tecnología Biomédica CTB
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Mecánica
S2i 2022 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)