Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Investigating the role of Retiro Park in creating the thermal and psychological comfort and tranquility of citizens
Áreas de investigación
  • Ingeniería civil y arquitectura,
  • Arquitectura,
  • Teoria de la arquitectura,
  • Arquitectura de la ciudad
Due to the urban heat island (UHI) the citizens' lives have faced many problems, including loss of physical and psychological comfort. However, urban green spaces are always considered as a productive way to reduce the adverse effects of heat islands. Urban green space has a cooling effect that varies depending upon the size, shape, density of vegetation, and the elements in it. According to the studies, large urban green spaces with an area of more than 10 ha have an average cooling effect of 1-2 ° C, affecting an average of 350 m distance; thereby creating thermal comfort in the area around them. Retiro Park in the center of Madrid, with a total area of 140 ha, has a significant impact on reducing the effects of the thermal islands in Madrid. For this purpose, in the leading research, Retiro Park was selected to investigate the impact of this Park on thermal comfort in three areas of north, west, and south. In each of these neighborhoods, three points were considered at a distance of 150-160 meters, 300-360 meters, and 600-650 meters, respectively (a total of 9 locations). The weather data was also collected in the form of field research in three days, 22 June, 10, and 24 July 2018. Furthermore, 209 questionnaires were collected from people living in nine locations, in relation to their feelings about thermal conditions. A map of each area was also provided to the questionnaire to identify the places where they felt most relaxed and who liked to spend more time in the area. The results of the study showed that the air temperature of areas close to the park (100-150 m), is about 1.5-2 ° C colder than the points with distances of 600 to 650 m. In addition, there was an inverse relationship between the distance from the park and the level of people's perception of thermal comfort. Citizens' drawings also showed that the Park of Retiro is the most perceived place to have a comfortable climate in the city, and residents are keener to spend their time in the park.
Entidad relacionada
Nacionalidad Entidad
Sin nacionalidad
Lugar del congreso
University College Dublin, Ireland
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Esther Higueras Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Farshid Aram (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Arquitectura Bioclimática en un entorno sostenible-ABIO
  • Departamento: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio
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