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Ponencias en congresos:
Monitoring protocol of enviromental variables in caves houses
Áreas de investigación
  • Ingeniería de construcción
Many studies are being carried out in different areas of Spain related to the monitoring of environmental variables in the inside of the home, even in underground constructions such as the caves used as cellars. In most of them, they conclude there is no concrete way or protocol to make a permanent monitoring plan in these constructions. On the other hand, the standard UNE-EN-ISO 7726 of 2002 establishes the minimum characteristics of the instruments of measurement of the physical magnitudes that define an atmosphere (air temperature, absolute humidity, etc.) or the methods used to its measurement. However, it does not make a concrete plan or protocol for the monitoring. It is not intended to define a global index of comfort but to normalize the recording process of the information with that allows the determination of the indices of the atmosphere. In fact, specifications and methods (concretely, the type C) are related to the carriedout measures in moderate atmospheres, closer to the situation of well-being or comfort. These methods have been determined keeping the possibilities of on-site measurements and the performance of the current measuring equipment in mind. The standard UNE-EN-ISO 7726 shows the measurement intervals, the accuracy of the measurements and the response times (90%), of the sensors for each of the magnitudes. In Spain, there are different areas where cave houses are concentrated. Not only in Andalucía (especially in Almería and Granada), but also in Alicante, Valencia, Albacete, Murcia, Toledo, Madrid, Guadalajara, even in areas of Aragon, La Rioja and Navarra. Canary Islands are the one that has given the most resources to find concrete solutions to the legalization as housing of different types of cave houses. The majority of these areas corresponds to the sedimentary Spain, easily excavated material, which was the only way out of many families to live once. At least, it is necessary to justify compliance with the basic habitability requirements, in order to consider a cave house as a dwelling. With the objective of establishing an environmental monitoring plan to compliance with this basic requirement, this study aims to indicate a suitable protocol for this kind of construction, in the data collection, in accordance with what is indicated in the UNE-EN-ISO 7726 standard, with the help of suitable instruments. Al the data to obtain are captured by instruments and by a specific software. But, even indicating the placement height of the sensors, its proper location, the measurement interval, the accuracy and response time, it is necessary to establish a monitoring plan that considers the number of sensors in different units, time and appropriate time suitable for the collection of data, in order to obtain an average data and compare them with those established with the regulatory norms.
Nombre congreso
BIMIC2019. 2nd. Building and Management International Conference
Tipo de participación
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Título de las actas
Proceedings BIMIC 2019
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Inmaculada Martinez Perez (UPM)
  • Autor: Luis JIménez López
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Patología de estructuras, protecciones colectivas y medios auxiliares de edificación.
  • Departamento: Construcciones Arquitectónicas y su Control
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