Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Vulnerability towards summer energy poverty from a gender perspective. The case of Madrid

Research Areas
  • Civil engineering and architecture

Recent research has addressed the special relationship between energy poverty and women. Despite few studies are yet available, results show that there might be strong gender inequalities connected with household?s energy deprivation. Furthermore, differentiated health impacts have been detected between men and women, locating women into a more vulnerable position. In this sense, the so-called feminisation of energy poverty is urging a revision of the existing studies from a gender perspective to foster its inclusion within energy poverty alleviation policies. The present study explores the links between summer energy poverty and gender in the city of Madrid. Summer energy poverty is considered another variety of energy deprivation particularly relevant within mid and low latitude countries, in which energy consumption for cooling is increasing heavily. It also seems to be particularly relevant in cities, in which the urban heat island (UHI) introduces relevant variations in the microclimatic conditions that might increase the cooling demand. Following the methodology developed in previous studies, the risk of suffering from summer energy poverty is in this paper explored considering households? gender composition. The evaluation at the sub-municipal scale is carried out among the different subgroups in which a woman is the main breadwinner, such as single women with children, single women over 65 years old, or gender-mix households. Their situation is also compared to those households in which a man is the main breadwinner. Their geospatial distribution is compared with other indicators related with their exposure to high temperatures: the housing energy efficiency and the cooling degree hours (CDH). The analysis of the selected variables is conducted using a hot spot analysis based in the Getis-Ord statistic (Gi*), which evaluates the autocorrelation of each variable according to its spatial distribution. Results confirm that women are likely to be at a higher risk of suffering from summer energy poverty than men. Women living alone and above 65 years old seem to be under the highest risk. They concentrate in areas with a low efficient housing stock, strong UHI intensities and, despite living in the wealthiest neighborhoods of the city, they tend to have a much lower pension than their male counterparts. Additionally, there is also a significant proportion of single parent households lead by women living in low-income areas, in which they are exposed to higher outdoor temperatures and live in a low efficient housing stock. On a general basis, the income gap between women and men makes it advisable to address summer energy poverty with a gender perspective. This investigation will help incorporating the gender mainstreaming into urban environmental interventions to promote more inclusive cities.
Smart and Sustainable Planning for Cities and Regions 2019
Bolzano, Italia
Start Date
End Date
From page
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3rd International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Planning for Cities and Regions 2019

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Arquitectura Bioclimática en un entorno sostenible-ABIO
  • Departamento: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas