Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Environmental Costs Account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans.
Áreas de investigación
  • Transporte
Each city need to develop sustainable transport plans according to its fu-ture developments. This means identifying the best policy package of transport measures that could produce more sustainable future scenarios: lowest environmental impact, but also better social standards and at mini-mum cost. To that end, it is necessary to measure the environmental and social costs of each alternative transport mode. This paper proposes a me-thodology to calculate those costs in different city contexts: city centre and metropolitan suburbs. It provides a measure of the following environmen-tal costs: pollution, noise, green house gasses and land taken. Then the so-cial costs as congestion and accident costs. These two cost categories are calculated for each mean of transport: metro, bus, private car and taxi. The methodology has been applied to Madrid Region through modeling its mobility demand in 2004. The outputs are costs per passenger-km in each mode and Area: city centre and metropolitan ring. Therefore it is possible to assign monetary costs to environmental and social costs of each trans-port option; for example, car environmental costs are four times higher than buses on average, but it differs a lot from city centre to outskirt areas. Finally, some guidelines can be extracted to develop a more sustainable transport policy for Madrid Region.
Nombre congreso
9th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium 2008.
Tipo de participación
Lugar del congreso
Fecha inicio congreso
Fecha fin congreso
Desde la página
Hasta la página
Título de las actas
Highway and Urban Environment.Proceedings of the 9th Highway and Urban Environment symposium.
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Álvaro Fernández Heredia (UPM)
  • Autor: Pablo Jordá Lope (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Investigación en Planificación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
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