Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Methodology to quantify the effect of policies and measures in emission reductions from road transport
Año:2009
Áreas de investigación
  • Política del medio ambiente
Datos
Descripción
Atmospheric emissions from road transport have increased all around the world since 1990 more rapidly than from other pollution sources. Moreover, they contribute more than 25% of the total emissions in the majority of European countries. This situation confirms the importance of road transport when complying with emission ceilings (e.g. the Kyoto Protocol and the National Emissions Ceilings Directive). The developed methodology illustrates the effect on transport emissions of the most influential variables and their relationships. Therefore, it would be a policy instrument to design emission reduction measures. Firstly, the influence of the main variables was studied: mileage or mobility (passengers or tonnes) per vehicle type (cars, buses, light duty vehicles, heavy duty vehicles, mopeds, and motorcycles); fuel used (diesel, petrol, biofuels, natural gas, and LPG); driving mode (urban, rural, and highway) and vehicle speed; technology used (Euro types, hybrid vehicles, and electric vehicles by power); vehicle characteristics (power, load factor, age, operational life, etc.). The second step consisted of defining several scenarios, changing the variables in order to analyze both the individual and combined effect of these on emissions (sensitivity analysis). These scenarios evaluate the effect of changes in the previous factors, according to realistic policies and measures (e.g. penetration of Euro 5 and 6, the increase of biofuel use, scrapping systems, etc.) The third step included the development of a holistic model to estimate emissions, which allows the quantification of the effect of both technical and non-technical measures. The model is called EmiTRANS and it estimates the emissions in a flexible and coherent way. It contributes to incorporating scientific data in the decision making process. Finally, this methodology has been successfully proven for the calculation of emission projections from road transport in Spain, up to 2020, under several scenarios.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
Urban Transport
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Bolognia, Italia
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
1743-3509
DOI
10.2495/UT090501
Fecha inicio congreso
22/06/2009
Fecha fin congreso
24/06/2009
Desde la página
565
Hasta la página
574
Título de las actas
Urban Transport XV
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Alberto Guijarro Lomeña (ISF)
  • Autor: Julio Lumbreras Martin (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Maria Lopez Martinez (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Encarnacion Rodriguez Hurtado (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Tecnologías Ambientales y Recursos Industriales
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Instituto Universitario de Investigación del Automóvil (INSIA)
  • Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Inv. en Seguridad e Impacto Medioambiental de Vehículos y Transportes (GIVET)
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Energética y Fluidomecánica
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