Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Tesis:
Inteligencia artificial para la predicción y control del acabado superficial en procesos de fresado a alta velocidad
Año:2010
Áreas de investigación
  • Inteligencia artificial
Datos
Descripción
The main objective of this PhD Thesis is to go more deeply into the analysis and design of an intelligent system for surface roughness prediction and control in the end-milling machining process, based fundamentally on Bayesian network classifiers, with the aim of developing a methodology that makes easier the design of this type of systems. The system, whose purpose is to make possible the surface roughness prediction and control, consists of a model learnt from experimental data with the aid of Bayesian networks, that will help to understand the dynamic processes involved in the machining and the interactions among the relevant variables. Since artificial neural networks are models widely used in material cutting proceses, we also include an end-milling model using them, where the geometry and hardness of the piecework are introduced as novel variables not studied so far within this context. Thus, an important contribution in this thesis is these two models for surface roughness prediction, that are then compared with respect to different aspects: influence of the new variables, performance evaluation metrics, and interpretability. One of the main problems with Bayesian classifier-based modelling is the understanding of the enormous posterior probabilitiy tables produced. We introduce an explanation method that generates a set of rules obtained from decision trees.Such trees are induced from a simulated data set generated from the posterior probability distribution of the class variable, calculated with the Bayesian network learned from a training data set. Finally, we contribute in the multi-objective field in the case that some of the objectives cannot be quantified as real numbers but as interval-valued functions. This often occurs in machine learning applications, especially those based on supervised classification. Specifically, the dominance and Pareto front ideas are extended to this setting. We analyze its application to the surface roughness prediction when maximizing simultaneously the sensitivity and specificity of the induced Bayesian network classifier, rather than only maximizing the correct classification rate. Intervals in these two objectives come from an honest estimation method of both objectives, like e.g. k-fold cross-validation or bootstrap.
Internacional
Si
ISBN
Tipo de Tesis
Doctoral
Calificación
Sobresaliente cum laude
Fecha
28/05/2010
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Director: Jose Ramón Alique López (UPM)
  • Doctorando: Maritza Correa Valencia (CSIC)
  • Director: Maria Concepcion Bielza Lozoya (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Automática y Robótica (CAR). Centro Mixto UPM-CSIC
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de tecnología Biomédica CTB
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