Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Negative responses of highland pines to anthropogenic activities in inland Spain: a palaeoecological perspective
Año:2011
Áreas de investigación
  • Botánica,
  • Fitogeografía,
  • Palinología,
  • Paleobotánica,
  • Biogeografía,
  • Ecología vegetal,
  • Impacto antropogénico en ecosistemas
Datos
Descripción
Palaeoecological evidence indicates that highland pines were dominant in extensive areas of the mountains of Central and Northern Iberia during the first half of the Holocene. However, following several millennia of anthropogenic pressure, their natural ranges are now severely reduced. Although pines have been frequently viewed as first-stage successional species responding positively to human disturbance, some recent palaeobotanical work has proposed fire disturbance and human deforestation as the main drivers of this vegetation turnover. To assess the strength of the evidence for this hypothesis and to identify other possible explanations for this scenario, we review the available information on past vegetation change in the mountains of northern inland Iberia. We have chosen data from several sites that offer good chronological control, including palynological records with microscopic charcoal data and sites with plant macro- and megafossil occurrence. We conclude that although the available long-term data are still fragmentary and that new methods are needed for a better understanding of the ecological history of Iberia, fire events and human activities (probably modulated by climate) have triggered the pine demise at different locations and different temporal scales. In addition, all palaeoxylological, palynological and charcoal results obtained so far are fully compatible with a rapid human-induced ecological change that could have caused a range contraction of highland pines in western Iberia.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
ISSN
0939-6314
Factor de impacto JCR
1,656
Información de impacto
Volumen
DOI
DOI: 10.1007/s00334-011-0330-2
Número de revista
Desde la página
1
Hasta la página
16
Mes
SIN MES
Ranking
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Participantes
  • Autor: Cesar Morales Del Molino (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Manuel Rubiales Jimenez (UPM)
  • Autor: Salvia Garcia Alvarez (UPM)
  • Autor: Mercedes García Antón (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Historia y dinámica del paisaje vegetal
  • Departamento: Silvopascicultura
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