Memorias de investigación
Other publications:
Naturalness, Diversity and Fragmentation: meeting point of the ecological and visual landscape, criteria for a strategy of forest landscape restoration

Research Areas
  • Countryside conservation,
  • Town and country planning

In Landscape Ecology, the analysis of the relationships between the spatial pattern and the ecological characteristics of the territory has been an active area of study that, only occasionally, has joined up with the visual approach of the landscape. Reciprocally, the exploration and management of visual landscape has not sufficiently taken into account the ecological values. However, both aspects have been reported as a benefit demanded by society and an objective for restoring actions in natural environment. Society is a modifier of landscape (active subject) and an interpreter of the perceptions received (receptive subject). Gobster (2007) pointed out that humans engage with environmental phenomena at landscape scale, and introduce changes in the ecological processes that are reflected at that level. The integration of ecology and appearance leads to an increase of the range of criteria and opportunities to find restoring solutions. This study explores the connection between the underlying ecological processes and the appearance in forest landscape. A set of indices related with naturalness, diversity and fragmentation were calculated in 6 landscape units of the Iregua basin (La Rioja, Spain). The findings highlighted the affinities, divergences, analogies, alliances, conflicts and dependences between both dimensions of landscape. Taken together, ecology and appearance permitted to identify different situations based on the contribution of both aspects. The cases ranged between priority units where ecological function was a key aspect to preserve, others where the appearance of the elements could be set as an opportunity to reflect the ecological function to public, others where ecological actions are needed and could come into conflict with perception and, finally, areas where visual an ecological integrity linked up. The landscape planning strategy was designed considering the potential to improve either or both aspects. The results will serve as a base to develop a common language and methods to integrate the eco-visual values in planning, management and forest landscape restoration.
IUFRO Conference. Restoring Forests: Advancs in Techniques and Theory
Madrid (España)
Publication type
comunicación Póster

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ecología y Paisaje
  • Departamento: Proyectos y Planificación Rural