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Biomedical informatics and healthGRIDs: a European perspective
Áreas de investigación
  • Inteligencia artificial
Medical informatics (MI) and bioinformatics (BI) are two recognized informatics disciplines with different and independent backgrounds, training, and research and development agenda. Only recently have proposals for joint efforts between BI and MI been pointed out regarding training and specific research projects and activities [1], [2]. Capitalizing on the opportunities apparent as a result of these developments requires the integration and exploitation of data and information generated at all levels, from molecular to organ and disease to the population, by the disciplines of BI and MI, including medical and molecular imaging. Thus, the new interdisciplinary scientific field of biomedical informatics (BMI) is evolving. One of the first European efforts related to BMI was the BIOINFOMED study [3], supported by the European Commission (EC). At the same time, a seminal conference, ¿Access and Integration of Remote Genetic and Medical Databases: Knowledge Empowering Individualised Healthcare and Well-Being,¿ was held in Brussels in December 2001 [4]. Its main objective was to establish the basis for a dialog among researchers in MI, BI, and neuroinformatics. As a result of the BIOINFOMED study, a white paper was delivered to the EC. Recently, a number of European Networks of Excellence (NoE) in biomedical informatics have been launched [5]¿[7] based on the recommendations of the BIOINFOMED study. The EC has led various specific initiatives to consolidate BMI as a multidisciplinary scientific discipline, by actively supporting a number of NoEs, projects, studies, and workshops. In some of these events, invited representatives of the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) have participated. In fact, there are ongoing initiatives to establish initiatives in the BMI area, both in Europe and the United States, following these preliminary steps taken at the European level. In June 2006, a conference took place to celebrate the five-year anniversary of the previously mentioned conference and to present the main research and development directions in the domain of BMI within the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union (EU) [8]. Numerous projects are linking BMI initiatives to GRID technologies. The GRID is probably one of the most promising and dynamic concepts under development in the information technology community [9]. GRID systems and applications aim to integrate, virtualize, and manage resources and services within distributed, heterogeneous, dynamic ¿virtual organizations.¿ On the biomedical side, GRID applications and services may have an impact on biomedical research, facilitating the implementation of new methodological approaches such as nonhypothesis- based medicine [10], which will complement and extend the current evidence-based medicine. In the next sections, we provide a review of the background and challenges regarding BMI and HealthGRIDs, focusing on the European activities in the area.
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Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Participante: M Tsiknakis
  • Autor: Victor Manuel Maojo Garcia (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Informática Biomédica (LIA)
  • Departamento: Inteligencia Artificial
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