Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Asymmetric propagation of airblast from bench blasting
Year:2011
Research Areas
  • Earth sciences,
  • Aeroacustics and vibrations,
  • Civil engineering
Information
Abstract
This paper investigates the propagation of airblast from quarry blasting. Peak overpressure is calculated as a function of blasting parameters (explosive mass per delay and velocity at which the detonation sequence proceeds along the bench) and polar coordinates of the point of interest (distance to the blast and azimuth with respect to the free face of the blast). The model is in the form of the product of a classical scaled distance attenuation law times a directional correction factor. The latter considers the influence of the bench face, and attenuates overpressure at the top level and amplifies it at the bottom. Such factor also accounts for the effect of the delay by amplifying the pressure in the direction of the initiation sequence if the velocity of initiation exceeds half the speed of sound and up to an initiation velocity in the range of the speed of sound. The model has been fitted to an empirical data set composed by 134 airblast records monitored in 47 blasts at two quarries. The measurements were made at distances to the blast less than 450 m. The model is statistically significant and has a determination coefficient of 0.869.
International
Si
Congress
6th EFEE World Conference on Explosives and Blasting
960
Place
Lisboa
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-0-9550290-3-5
Start Date
18/09/2011
End Date
20/09/2011
From page
79
To page
90
Lisbon Conference Proceedings
Participants
  • Autor: Pablo Segarra Catasus (UPM)
  • Autor: Lina Maria Lopez Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Angel Sanchidrian Blanco (UPM)
  • Autor: Jesús Felix Domingo (MAXAM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería de Georrecursos y Modelización
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Química y Combustibles
S2i 2019 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)