Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Efficiency and spatial equity impacts of high-speed rail extensions in urban areas
Year:2013
Research Areas
  • Engineering,
  • Transport
Information
Abstract
Urban areas benefit from significant improvements in accessibility when a new high speed rail (HSR) project is built. These improvements, which are due mainly to a rise in efficiency, produce locational advantagesand increase the attractiveness of these cities, thereby possibly enhancing their competitivenessand economic growth. However, there may be equity issues at stake, as the main accessibility benefits are primarily concentrated in urban areas with a HSR station, whereas other locations obtain only limited benefits. HSR extensions may contribute to an increase in spatial imbalance and lead to more polarized patterns of spatial development. Procedures for assessing the spatial impacts of HSR must therefore follow a twofold approach which addresses issues of both efficiency and equity. This analysis can be made by jointly assessing both the magnitude and distribution of the accessibility improvements deriving from a HSR project. This paper describes an assessment methodology for HSR projects which follows this twofold approach. The procedure uses spatial impact analysis techniques and is based on the computation of accessibility indicators, supported by a Geographical Information System (GIS). Efficiency impacts are assessed in terms of the improvements in accessibility resulting from the HSR project, with a focus on major urban areas; and spatial equity implications are derived from changes in the distribution of accessibility values among these urban agglomerations.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Cities
ISBN
0264-2751
Impact factor JCR
1,09
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2010
Volume
30
Journal number
From page
18
To page
30
Month
FEBRERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
  • Autor: Emilio Ortega Perez (UPM)
  • Autor: Elena López Suárez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes
  • Departamento: Construcción y Vías Rurales
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)