Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Deciphering the role of Arabidopsis thaliana heterotrimeric G protein in induced resistance against necrotrophic fungi
Year:2013
Research Areas
  • Agriculture
Information
Abstract
Arabidopsis heterotrimeric G protein is required for an efficient defence response against different type of pathogens, including necrotrophic fungi, such as Plectosphaerella cucumerina (PcBMM). Null mutants in the G? subunit (agb1) exhibit enhanced susceptibility to this pathogen, while mutants in the G? subunit (gpa1) display a resistance phenotype. We have demonstrated that the agg1 agg2 double mutant is as susceptible as agb1 plants to PcBMM. To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the heterotrimeric G protein-mediated resistance, we performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis of agb1-1 mutant and wild-type plants upon inoculation with P. cucumerina. This analysis, together with metabolomic studies, demonstrated that G protein-mediated resistance was independent on the salicylic acid (SA)-, jasmonic acid (JA)-, ethylene (ET)-, abscisic acid (ABA)- or tryptophan-derived metabolites defensive signalling, as these pathways required for resistance to necrotrophs were not impaired in agb1-1 and agg1 agg2 plants. Notably, in agb1-1 transcriptome we found an overrepresentation of misregulated genes related with cell wall functions, which showed a similar expression pattern in agg1 agg2 plants. Biochemical analyses of cell walls from G-protein mutants and wild-type plants revealed that xylose content was lower in agb1 and agg1 agg2 mutants that in wild-type plants. These data suggest a canonical functionality of the G? and G?1/?2 subunits in the control of Arabidopsis immune responses and cell wall composition, being this last critical for resistance to necrotrophic fungal pathogens. Genetic interactions with other regulatory genes required for defence against necrotrophic fungi have been analyzed in order to unravel the complex network for Arabidopsis G-protein defence signalling pathway. In line with this, some suppressors of agb1 susceptibility mutants (sgb) have been identified with different levels of resistance to PcBMM, that restore the agb1-immune deficient responses to wild-type levels.
International
Si
Congress
IOBC-WPRS Working group ?Induced resistance in plants against insects and diseases?
960
Place
Avignon (Francia)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-92-9067-267-8
Start Date
10/06/2013
End Date
13/06/2013
From page
11
To page
15
Induced resistance in plants against insects and diseases IOBC-WPRS Bulletin Vol. 89, 2013
Participants
  • Autor: Lucia Jorda Miro (UPM)
  • Autor: Viviana Pamela Escudero Welsch (UPM)
  • Autor: Magdalena Delgado_cerezo
  • Autor: Sara Sopeña Torres (UPM)
  • Autor: Eva Miedes Vicente (UPM)
  • Autor: Antonio Molina Fernandez (UPM)
  • Autor: Clara Sánchez-Rodriguez
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Interacciones Moleculares Planta-Patógeno
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología
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