Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Urban built environment analysis: evidence from mobility survey in Madrid
Year:2014
Research Areas
  • Transport
Information
Abstract
Applications involving travel behavior from the perspective of land use are dating from the 1990s. Usually, four important components are distinguished: density, diversity and design (3D?s of Cervero and Kockelman) and accessibility (introduced by Geurs and van Wee). But there is not a general agreement on how to measure each of those 4 components. Density is used to be measured as population and employment densities, but others authors separate population density between residential and building densities. A lot of measures have been developed to estimate diversity: among others, a dissimilarity index to indicate the degree to which different land uses lie within one another?s surrounding, an entropy index to quantify the degree of balance across various land use types or proximities to commercial-retail uses. Design has been characterized by site design, and dwelling and street characteristics. Lastly, accessibility has become a frequently used concept, but its meaning on travel behavior field always refers to the ability ?to reach activities or locations by means of a travel mode?, measured as accessibility to jobs, to leisure activities, and others. Furthermore, the previous evidence is mainly based on US data or on north European countries. Therefore, this paper adds some new evidence from a Spanish perspective to the research debate. Through a Madrid smartphone-based survey, factor analysis is used to linearly combine variables into the 3D?s and accessibility dimensions of the built environment. At a first step for future investigations, land use variables will be treated to define accurately the previous 4 components.
International
No
Congress
XI Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte
960
Place
Santander
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-84-697-0359-5
Start Date
11/06/2014
End Date
13/06/2014
From page
1
To page
16
XI Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte - CIT2014
Participants
  • Autor: Julio Comendador Arquero (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Eugenia Lopez Lambas (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
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