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Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Air blast resistance of full-scale slabs with different compositions: Numerical modeling and field validation
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Civil engineering
Information
Abstract
This paper investigates the advantages and accuracy of a finite element simulation of a blast loaded full-scale slab by validating the results with the corresponding field tests. For this modeling, a 3D pure Lagrangian approach using LS-DYNA with appropriate blast load routine (CONWEP), material models and suitable boundary conditions is developed. Eight full-scale slabs were cast and tested. Three standard reinforced concrete slabs with the explosive at a scaled distance of 0.79?m/kg1/3 were used to calibrate the numerical model. Two normal reinforced concrete (RC) slabs with the explosive charges located at scaled distances of 0.41 and 0.20?m/kg1/3, and three more with different constructive solutions, such as fiber reinforced concrete (steel and polypropylene fibers) or reinforced concrete protected with a steel sheet at the center of the slab, aim to study the sensitivity of the model to these changes. Field data obtained with accelerometers and pressure transducers are compared with results obtained from the numerical modeling for the calibration tests. For the others, the results from numerical model match those from field blast tests in terms of damage pattern and percentage of surface damage. The model is sensitive to the effect of scaled distance (explosive at lower scaled distance produced higher surface damage and different fracture patterns) and to different construction patterns. Reinforced concrete slabs with steel or polypropylene fibers had better blast resistance under tensile stress (bottom part of the slabs) than simple reinforced concrete. The slab with the steel sheet on top had higher surface damage on both faces than the others for the same scaled distance.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
International Journal of Impact Engineering
ISBN
0734-743X
Impact factor JCR
2,201
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2014
Volume
86
10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2015.08.004
Journal number
From page
145
To page
156
Month
DICIEMBRE
Ranking
Engineering, Mechanical, 17/130, Q1 Mechanics, 21/137, Q1
Participants
  • Autor: Ricardo Castedo Ruiz (UPM)
  • Autor: Pablo Segarra Catasus (UPM)
  • Autor: Alejandro Alañon Juarez (UPM)
  • Autor: Lina Maria Lopez Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Anastasio Pedro Santos Yanguas (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Angel Sanchidrian Blanco (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería de Georrecursos y Modelización
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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