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Influence of glycerin and lecithin inclusion in the diet on productive performance of brown-egg laying hens from 23 to 47 weeks of age
Year:2014
Research Areas
  • Animal production
Information
Abstract
In total, 480 Lohmann brown-egg laying hens were used to study the inclusion of raw glycerin (Gly), a by-product of the ethanol industry, and lecithin, a by-product of the biodiesel industry, on productive performance and egg quality. There were 6 diets based on corn, soybean meal with 4% supplemental fat that contained 2,750 kcal AMEn/kg, 16.5% CP, and 0.73% digestible Lys. The diets were arranged as a 2 × 3 factorial with 2 levels of glycerol (0 and 7%) and 3 levels of lecithin (0, 2, and 4%). In these diets lecithin substituted same amount of animal fat. Each treatment was replicated 8 times and the experimental unit was a cage with 10 hens. Productive performance was recorded by replicate every 28-d and cumulatively from 23 to 47 wk of age. Egg quality was measured in 12 eggs per replicate, chosen at random from eggs produced the last 2 d (n = 6) of each of the 6 periods. The data were analyzed as a completely randomized design and main effects (glycerol and lecithin level) and the interactions were determined. Productive performance and egg quality traits were not affected by the inclusion of Gly in the diet except for FCR per kilogram of eggs and BW gain that were reduced when hens were fed the diets containing 7% Gly (P < 0.01). The substitution of animal fat by lecithin increased egg weight (59.6 vs. 61.3 g) and egg mass production (56.6 vs. 58.8 g) and improved FCR per kilogram of eggs (2.076 vs. 2.024) (P < 0.01). However, feed intake, egg production, and BW gain were not affected. Also, yolk color was increased when lecithin was included in the diet. It is concluded that the inclusion in the diet of up to 4% lecithins as a replacement of animal fat improved egg production and egg quality whereas the inclusion glycerol at a level of 7% reduced feed efficiency and BW gain.
International
Si
Congress
Poultry Science Association 103rd Annual Meeting
960
Place
Corpus Christi, Texas
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
0032-5791
Start Date
14/07/2014
End Date
17/07/2014
From page
48
To page
48
Poultry Science Association 103rd Annual Meeting
Participants
  • Autor: Husham Abdulsattar Dawood (UPM)
  • Autor: Adriano Pérez-Bonilla (Camar Agroalimentaria S. L., Toledo, Spain)
  • Autor: Javier Garcia (Camar Agroalimentaria S. L., Toledo, Spain)
  • Autor: David Menoyo Luque (UPM)
  • Autor: Gonzalo Gonzalez Mateos (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Departamento: Producción Agraria
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