Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Optimum semiconductor bandgaps in single junction and multijunction thermophotovoltaic converters
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Electronic devices,
  • Solar cells,
  • Technology of devices for engineering
Information
Abstract
The choice of the optimum semiconductor for manufacturing thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells is not straightforward. In contrast to conventional solar photovoltaics (PV) where the optimum semiconductor bandgap is determined solely by the spectrum (and eventually the irradiance) of the incident solar light, in a TPV converter it depends on the emitter temperature and on the spectral control elements determining the net spectral power flux between the TPV cell and the emitter. Additionally, in TPV converters there is a tradeoff between power density and conversion efficiency that does not exist in conventional solar PV systems. Thus, the choice of the proper semiconductor compound in TPV converters requires a thorough analysis that has not been presented so far. This paper presents the optimum semiconductor bandgaps leading to the maximum efficiency and power density in TPV converters using both single junction and multijunction TPV cells. These results were obtained within the framework of the detailed balance theory and assuming only radiative recombination. Optimal bandgaps are provided as a function of the emitter and cell temperature, as well as the degree of spectral control. I show that multijunction TPV cells are excellent candidates to maximize both the efficiency and the power density simultaneously, eliminating the historical tradeoff between efficiency and power density of TPV converters. Finally, multijunction TPV cells are less sensitive to photon recycling losses, which suggest that they can be combined with relatively simple cut-off spectral control systems to provide practically-viable high performing TPV devices.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Solar Energy Materials And Solar Cells
ISBN
0927-0248
Impact factor JCR
5,03
Impact info
Volume
134
10.1016/j.solmat.2014.11.049
Journal number
From page
275
To page
290
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Alejandro Datas Medina (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Silicio y Nuevos Conceptos para Células Solares
  • Departamento: Electrónica Física
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Instituto de Energía Solar
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)