Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Chestnut and poplar RAV genes in tree seasonal dormancy
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Natural sciences and health sciences,
  • Earth sciences,
  • Natural environment,
  • Molecular, cellular and genetic biology,
  • Biological sciences,
  • Biology,
  • Molecular biology,
  • Genetics,
  • Plant genetics,
  • Biological engineering,
  • Genetic engineering,
  • Plants and animal biology and ecology
Information
Abstract
Plants from temperate regions adapt to changing environmental conditions along the year. Trees have evolved mechanisms that allow them to monitor and anticipate the seasons, and cycle between growth and winter dormancy states. Dormancy is initiated by shortening of photoperiod, and afterwards, as a result of a drop in temperature, trees reach a state of endodormancy, the inability of resume growth in response to inductive conditions. Chilling requirement needs to be fulfilled in order to release from endodormancy and gain the ability to resume growth in response to good conditions. The signalling networks that regulate dormancy in perennials are poorly understood. We had previously shown that CsRAV1, a chestnut homolog of Arabidopsis TEM1 and TEM2, induced sylleptic branching in poplar [1]. In this work we characterize the role of chestnut and poplar RAV genes in dormancy. The expression profile of CsRAV1, PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2 along the year showed that all three genes were induced during winter and maintained high expression levels until early spring. These data suggested that CsRAV1, PatRAV1 and PtaRAV2 were involved in the regulation of winter dormancy in trees. To test this hypothesis we have used over-expressing CsRAV1, and knock-down PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2 transgenic poplars. The phenology of the transgenic lines will be discussed. It has been reported that Arabidopsis TEM1 binds to the FT promoter. An in silico screening of TEM1 DNA recognition sites in the promoter region of the Populus trichocarpa homologous FT genes revealed that the RAV1 motif was not conserved. Moreover, the over-expression of CsRAV1 in Arabidopsis did not phenocopy the over-expression of AtTEM1 and AtTEM2, suggesting a functional divergence of RAV family members. To gain insight on the molecular function of tree RAV genes, we performed a transcriptomic analysis with RNA from the poplar transgenic lines, and protein-binding microarrays to identify the cis-acting elements for CsRAV1, PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2. The identification of the binding elements and their occurrence in the genes differentially expressed will be presented. In conclusion, our study reveals a possible function of RAV transcriptional regulators in the control of winter dormancy in trees.
International
No
Congress
XXI REUNIÓN DE LA SOCIEDAD ESPAÑOLA DE FISIOLOGÍA VEGETAL
970
Place
Toledo, España
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-84-606-8883-9
Start Date
14/06/2015
End Date
17/06/2015
From page
333
To page
333
Chestnut and poplar RAV genes in tree seasonal dormancy
Participants
  • Autor: Tamara Hernández-Verdeja (Umea Plant Science Centre)
  • Autor: Alicia Moreno Cortes (UPM)
  • Autor: Judith Lucía Gomez-Porras (Universidad de Talca, Chile)
  • Autor: Chris Dervinis (University of Florida School of Forest Resources and Conservation Gainesville, FL, United States)
  • Autor: José Manuel Franco-Zorrilla (Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Madrid, Spain)
  • Autor: Matias Kirst (School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA)
  • Autor: Isabel Marta Allona Alberich (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Biotecnología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
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