Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Proyecto de I+D+i:
Áreas de investigación
  • Producción vegetal
The horticulture sector in Spain accounts for approximately 37% of agricultural production and this figure is increasing. In the European Union the fruit and vegetable sector is responsible for 17% of final agricultural production. Horticultural crops are typically grown in Mediterranean countries. In Spain, the fruit and vegetable sector is export-oriented. Fresh tomato, lettuce and sweet pepper account for >50% of production for export, but only 40% is marketed through producer organizations. The horticulture sector in Spain employs 400,000 direct workers (dedicated predominately to manual labor) as well as 200,000 store workers. It is therefore an essential source of employment for many rural areas. This demand for labor is important at the level of crop production, handling and marketing, but also at the level of input needed for production and related activities. Spain is at the forefront in Europe for horticultural plant grafting, with more than 100 million plants being used annually. The main species are tomato and watermelon, however use of this technology for eggplant, melon, cucumber and bell pepper is increasing. In Spain, vegetable production is primarily located in Andalusia, which accounts for 33% of the total production, followed by Castile - La Mancha and Murcia, (both 12%), and Extremadura (10%). There is a wide variety of farming models. The fruit and vegetable sector accounts for a large proportion of working capital; it is labor-intensive and requires specialized skills. In general, rates of mechanization are low and farms are small in size. In addition, these farms are typically managed intensively; crop rotations are usually overlap, are relatively frequent and the same plot is used for two or three different harvests.
Tipo de proyecto
Proyectos y convenios de financiación privada
Entidad financiadora
Nacionalidad Entidad
Tamaño de la entidad
Gran Empresa (>250)
Fecha concesión
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Director: Carlos Gregorio Hernandez Diaz-Ambrona (UPM)
  • Participante: Omar Marin Gonzalez (UPM)
  • Participante: Juan Agustín Escribano Rodriguez (UPM)
  • Participante: Esperanza Arnes Prieto (UPM)
  • Codirector: Pedro Maria Hoyos Echevarria (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Sistemas Agrarios (AgSystems)
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
S2i 2022 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)