Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Inclusion of fiber in diets for brown-egg laying pullets: effects on growth performance and digestive tract traits from hatching to 17 weeks of age
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Livestock
Information
Abstract
We investigated the effects of fiber inclusion in the diet on growth performance and digestive traits in pullets from hatching to 17 wk of age. The control diets of the 3 feeding periods (0 to 5 wk, 5 to 10 wk, and 10 to 17 wk) were based on corn and soybean meal and did not include any additional fiber source. The experimental diets included 2 or 4% of cereal straw or sugar beet pulp (SBP) at the expense (wt:wt) of the control diet. From 0 to 5 wk of age, fiber inclusion did not affect pullet performance. From hatch to 17 wk of age, the inclusion of straw had little effect on pullet performance but the inclusion of 4% SBP reduced (ADG) (P < 0.05) and reduced feed conversion ratio (FCR; P < 0.001). Pullets fed straw had greater ADG (P < 0.05) and better energy conversion ratio (P < 0.01) than pullets fed SBP. An increase in fiber from 2 to 4% reduced FCR (P < 0.05). Body weight uniformity was not affected by diet. Fiber inclusion increased the relative weight (% BW) of the gizzard at 5 wk (P = 0.056) and 10 wk (P < 0.01) of age, but no differences were detected between fiber sources. At same ages, the relative length (cm/kg BW) of the pullets (P = 0.058 and P < 0.01, respectively) and tarsus (P = 0.079 and P < 0.05, respectively) was higher in pullets fed SBP than in pullets fed straw. Fiber inclusion, however, did not affect any of these traits at 17 wk of age. In summary, the inclusion of 2% straw at the expense (wt:wt) of the whole diet did not affect pullet performance at 17 wk of age. An increase in the level of straw from 2 to 4% reduced FCR but did not affect ADG. The inclusion of SBP, however, reduced pullet growth, with effects being more pronounced at the higher level.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Poultry Sci
ISBN
0032-5791
Impact factor JCR
1,672
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2014
Volume
http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pev288
Journal number
94
From page
2722
To page
2733
Month
NOVIEMBRE
Ranking
Q1
Participants
  • Autor: Maria del Pilar Guzman Medina (UPM)
  • Autor: Beatriz Saldaña Mancebo (UPM)
  • Autor: Mohammadvahid Kimiaeitalab (UPM)
  • Autor: Julio Garcia
  • Autor: Gonzalo Gonzalez Mateos (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Departamento: Producción Agraria
S2i 2019 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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