Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Melon crop yield and quality: Mineral versus organic (grape marc compost) fertilization in vulnerable zone
Year:2018
Research Areas
  • Waste recycling
Information
Abstract
The importance of the winery industry in Mediterranean regions is accompanied by the generation of big amounts of wastes from the wineries and distilleries (1.200.000 t). On the other hand, the utilization of compost derived from these wastes to improve the yield and quality of crops within the area where they are generated could be a sustainable option of agricultural management. Spain is the main European producer of melon with a total production up to 650.000 t (MAPAMA, 2017). The largest areas are located in the southern half, especially in Castilla-La Mancha region (central Spain) with more than 7.000 ha dedicated to this crop and 200.000 t of melon production and where more than the half of the total wine production of the country is concentrated. A three years field experiment was carried out in a drip-irrigated melon crop traditionally grown in the area where these wastes are generated in climatic Mediterranean conditions. The compost used in this experiment was provided by a composting plant located in Socuellamos (Ciudad Real) which collects residues from the wineries and distilleries throughout this area. The compost fulfilled the criteria established by the Spanish Legislation concerning the use of organic materials in agriculture. The area is designated as ?vulnerable zone? by the Nitrates Directive 91/676/CEE. The objective is to compare the behavior of organic fertilization versus fertirrigation from both the environmental and nutritional point of view using a nitrogen balance and the melon yield and quality parameters, respectively.
International
Si
Congress
9º Congreso Internacional de Química de la ANQUE Alimentos y Bebidas
960
Place
Murcia
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-84-09-02880-1
Start Date
17/06/2018
End Date
20/06/2018
From page
61
To page
61
9º Congreso Internacional de Química de la ANQUE Alimentos y Bebidas
Participants
  • Autor: Raquel Villena Gordo (UPM)
  • Autor: Augusto Arce Martinez (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Isabel Requejo Mariscal (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Carmen Cartagena Causape (UPM)
  • Autor: Francisco Ribas Elcorobarrutia (Centro de Investigación Agroambiental "El Chaparrillo" Instituto Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Agroforestal (IRIAF))
  • Autor: Maria Teresa Castellanos Serrano (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Contaminación de agroecosistemas por las prácticas agrícolas
  • Grupo de Investigación: Sistemas de producción y protección vegetal sostenibles
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
  • Departamento: Química y Tecnología de Alimentos
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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