Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Costs and benefits of plant defenses against a sterilizing virus
Year:2018
Research Areas
  • Virology
Information
Abstract
Sterilizing plant pathogens, i.e., those that drain the reproductive resources of infected hosts eventually leading to castration, may have devastating effects on host populations as they prevent host reproduction. The two main mechanisms of plant defense against such pathogens are resistance, i.e., the host?s ability to limit pathogen multiplication, and tolerance, i.e., the host?s ability to reduce the effect of infection on its fitness regardless of the level of pathogen multiplication. Theory predicts that selection for tolerance rather than resistance would be stronger against sterilizing pathogens because the cost of limiting pathogen multiplication would be much larger than the cost of limiting fitness effects. However, this prediction has been seldom experimentally tested. We have analyzed the level of resistance and tolerance of 18 Arabidopsis thaliana accessions against its natural sterilizing virus Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV). For both defense strategies, we have quantified the benefits in terms of increased plant fitness upon TuMV infection, and the costs as the fitness effects in uninfected individuals and the trade-offs with resistance/tolerance to other viruses. Results indicate that increased plant fitness upon TuMV infection is associated with tolerance rather than resistance, and that tolerance comes at the cost of increased susceptibility to other pathogens, but not of reduced fitness in uninfected plants. Tolerance also benefits TuMV, as it increases the virus infectious period and transmission efficiency. Thus, our results support theoretical predictions on the evolution of host defenses against sterilizing pathogens and contribute to better the costs of plant defenses against pathogens.
International
No
Congress
XIX Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Fitopatología
960
Place
Toledo
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
000-00-0000-000-0
Start Date
08/10/2018
End Date
10/10/2018
From page
83
To page
83
Libro de resúmenes
Participants
  • Autor: Nuria Montes
  • Autor: Marisa López-Herranz (UPM)
  • Autor: Jesus Israel Pagan Muñoz (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Patología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
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