Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Environmental Costs Account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans.
Year:2008
Research Areas
  • Transport
Information
Abstract
Each city need to develop sustainable transport plans according to its fu-ture developments. This means identifying the best policy package of transport measures that could produce more sustainable future scenarios: lowest environmental impact, but also better social standards and at mini-mum cost. To that end, it is necessary to measure the environmental and social costs of each alternative transport mode. This paper proposes a me-thodology to calculate those costs in different city contexts: city centre and metropolitan suburbs. It provides a measure of the following environmen-tal costs: pollution, noise, green house gasses and land taken. Then the so-cial costs as congestion and accident costs. These two cost categories are calculated for each mean of transport: metro, bus, private car and taxi. The methodology has been applied to Madrid Region through modeling its mobility demand in 2004. The outputs are costs per passenger-km in each mode and Area: city centre and metropolitan ring. Therefore it is possible to assign monetary costs to environmental and social costs of each trans-port option; for example, car environmental costs are four times higher than buses on average, but it differs a lot from city centre to outskirt areas. Finally, some guidelines can be extracted to develop a more sustainable transport policy for Madrid Region.
International
Si
Congress
9th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium 2008.
960
Place
Madrid
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-90-481-3042-9
Start Date
09/06/2008
End Date
11/06/2008
From page
0
To page
0
Highway and Urban Environment.Proceedings of the 9th Highway and Urban Environment symposium.
Participants
  • Autor: Álvaro Fernández Heredia (UPM)
  • Autor: Pablo Jordá Lope (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Investigación en Planificación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
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