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Discrimination of different sub-basins on Tajo River based on water influence factor
Research Areas
  • Chemistry,
  • Agriculture
Numeric taxonomy has been applied to classify Tajo basin water (Spain) till Portugal border. Several stations, a total of 52, that estimate 15 water variables have been used in this study. The different groups have been obtained applying a Euclidean distance among stations (distance classification) and a Euclidean distance between each station and the centroid estimated among them (centroid classification), varying the number of parameters and with or without variable typification. In order to compare the classification a log-log relation has been established, between number of groups created and distances, to select the best one. It has been observed that centroid classification is more appropriate following in a more logic way the natural constrictions than the minimum distance among stations. Variable typification doesn¿t improve the classification except when the centroid method is applied. Taking in consideration the ions and the sum of them as variables, the classification improved. Stations are grouped based on electric conductivity (CE), total anions (TA), total cations (TC) and ions ratio (Na/Ca and Mg/Ca). For a given classification and comparing the different groups created a certain variation in ions concentration and ions ratio are observed. However, the variation in each ion among groups is different depending on the case. For the last group, regardless the classification, the increase in all ions is general. Comparing the dendrograms, and groups that originated, Tajo river basin can be sub dived in five sub-basins differentiated by the main influence on water: 1. With a higher ombrogenic influence (rain fed). 2. With ombrogenic and pedogenic influence (rain and groundwater fed). 3. With pedogenic influence. 4. With lithogenic influence (geological bedrock). 5. With a higher ombrogenic and lithogenic influence added.
EGU General Assembly 2009
Start Date
End Date
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Geophysical Research Abstracts
  • Autor: Rafael Bermudez Valbuena (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Maria Gasco Montes (UPM)
  • Autor: Ana Maria Tarquis Alfonso (UPM)
  • Autor: Antonio Saa Requejo (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Valorización de Recursos
  • Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Automatización en Señal y Comunicaciones (GASC)
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM)
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Servicios Urbanos
  • Departamento: Edafología
  • Departamento: Matemática Aplicada a la Ingeniería Agronómica
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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