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Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Influence of enzyme supplementation of diets and cooking flaking of maize on digestive traits and growth performance of broilers from 1 to 21 days of age
Year:2009
Research Areas
  • Animal production
Information
Abstract
A trial was conducted to study the influence of cooking¿flaking (C-F) of maize and enzyme supplementation (ES) of the diet on mucosa morphometry, digestive organ weight, dietary component digestibility and growth performance of broilers from1 to 21 days of age. There were 4 treatments arranged factorially with 2 heat processings of maize (raw and C-F) and 2 levels (0 and 500 mg/kg) of an enzyme complex with xylanase, protease and amylase activity. Dietary treatment did not affect any productive trait from 1 to 21 days of age. However, from 1 to 4 days of age, body weight gain (P<0.01) and feed conversion ratio (P<0.001) were improved by ES of the diet. Intestinal viscosity increased with C-F of maize and decreased with ES of the diet (P<0.001). The effects of ES on intestinal viscosity were more pronounced with C-F than with raw maize (P<0.001) and at younger than older ages (P<0.05). Cooking¿flaking of maize increasedtotal tract apparent digestibility of dry matter and organic matter (P<0.05) and of neutral detergent fibre and starch (P<0.001) and tended to improve ether extract (EE) digestibility (P<0.10). In addition, ES improved nitrogen retention (P<0.01) and EE digestibility (P<0.001). Digestibility of neutral detergent fibre and starch increased linearly (P<0.001) with age whereas nitrogen retention and organic matter, EE and gross energy digestibility decreased from 4 to 8 days of age and increased thereafter (P<0.001). The relative weight (g/kg body weight) of the pancreas decreased (P<0.01) and that of the liver increased (P<0.001) with C-F of maize. The relativeweight of the proventriculus, gizzard and liver reached a maximum before 6 days of age and that of the small intestine and pancreas at approximately 7.8 days of age (P<0.001). Enzymes increased villus height (P<0.05) but did not affect villus width or villus surface area. It is concluded that C-F of maize improved dietary component digestibility but had no effect on broiler performance at 21 days of age. In addition, ES improved nitrogen retention, EE digestibility and productive performance of broilers but only from 1 to 4 days of age
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISBN
0377-8401
Impact factor JCR
1,882
Impact info
Volume
150
Journal number
0
From page
303
To page
315
Month
ENERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Rosa Pilar Lazaro Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Gonzalo Gonzalez Mateos (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Producción Animal
  • Departamento: Producción Animal
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