Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Effects of type of cereal, heat processing of the cereal, and fiber inclusion in the diet on gizzard pH and nutrient utilization in broilers at different ages
Year:2009
Research Areas
  • Animal production
Information
Abstract
An experiment was conducted to study the effects of type of cereal (60% corn or 60% rice), heat processing of the cereal (raw or steam-cooked), and fiber source (control without hulls, 3% oat hulls, and 3% soy hulls) on gizzard pH and total tract apparent retention (TTAR) of nutrients in broilers at different ages. There were 12 treatments arranged factorially (2 × 2 × 3) and 6 replicates (8 chicks) per treatment. The 2 basal diets were based on soy protein concentrate and fish meal and had a neutral detergent fiber content of 3.5% for the rice and 7.3% for the corn diet. Gizzard pH was lower at 13 d than at 8 or 20 d of age (P ¿ 0.05) and was lower for the corn than for the rice diets (P ¿ 0.001). The inclusion of additional fiber reduced gizzard pH in broilers fed rice but not in broilers fed corn (P ¿ 0.001). Except for acid soluble ash, TTAR of nutrients increased from 4 d to 8 or 13 d of age (P ¿ 0.001) and then remained constant until 20 d. Nutrient retention was higher for the rice than for the corn diets (P ¿ 0.001) at all ages. The inclusion of oat hulls or soy more pronounced for the rice than for the corn diet (P ¿ 0.001). Also, the beneficial effects of fiber inclusión on TTAR of ether extract and AMEn of the diet were higher at younger ages (P ¿ 0.05). It is concluded that rice is a cereal of choice in prestarter diets for broilers. The reduction in gizzard pH and the improvement of TTAR of nutrients observed with additional fiber suggests that young broilers might need a minimal amount of fiber in the diet for optimal performance.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
POULTRY SCIENCE
ISBN
0032-5791
Impact factor JCR
1,668
Impact info
Volume
88
Journal number
0
From page
1925
To page
1933
Month
ENERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Rosa Pilar Lazaro Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Gonzalo Gonzalez Mateos (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Producción Animal
  • Departamento: Producción Animal
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