Abstract



A new method is introduced for estimating the convection velocity of individual modes in turbulent shear flows that, in contrast to most previous ones, only requires spectral information in the temporal or spatial direction over which a modal decomposition is desired, while only using local derivatives in other directions. If no spectral information is desired, the method provides a natural definition for the average convection velocity, as well as a way to estimate the accuracy of the frozenturbulence approximation. Existing data from numerical turbulent channels at friction Reynolds numbers Re¿ T 1900 are used to validate the new method against classical ones, and to characterize the dependence of the convection velocity on the eddy wavelength and wall distance. The results indicate that the small scales in turbulent channels travel at the local mean velocity, while large `global¿ modes travel at a more uniform speed proportional to the bulk velocity. To estimate the systematic deviations introduced in experimental spectra by the use of Taylor¿s approximation with a wavelength independent convection velocity, a semiempirical fit to the computed convection velocities is provided. It represents well the data throughout the Reynolds number range of the simulations. It is shown that Taylor¿s approximation not only displaces the large scales near the wall to shorter apparent wavelengths but also modifies the shape of the spectrum, giving rise to spurious peaks similar to those observed in some experiments. To a lesser extent the opposite is true above the logarithmic layer. The effect increases with the Reynolds number, suggesting that some of the recent challenges to the k¿1 energy spectrum may have to be reconsidered.  
International

Si 
JCR

Si 
Title

JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS 
ISBN

00221120 
Impact factor JCR

2,315 
Impact info


Volume

640 


Journal number

0 
From page

5 
To page

26 
Month

DICIEMBRE 
Ranking
