Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Forest connectivity restoration through reforestation: an integrated methodology for prioritizing agricultural lands and selecting reforestation species
Áreas de investigación
  • Reforestación,
  • Botánica,
  • Ecología
Forest connectivity restoration is a major goal in natural resource planning. Given the high amount of abandoned cultivated lands, setting efficient methods for the reforestation of agricultural lands offers a good opportunity to face this issue. However, reforestations must be carefully planned, which poses two main challenges. In first place, to determine those agricultural lands that, once reforested, would meet more effectively the planning goals. As a further step, in order to grant the success of the activity, it is fairly advisable to select those tree species that are more adapted to each particular environment. Here we intend to give response to both requirements by proposing a sequential and integrated methodology that has been implemented in two Spanish forest districts, which are formed by several landscape types that were previously defined and characterized. Using the software Conefor Sensinode, a powerful tool for quantifying habitat availability that is based on graph theory concepts, we determined the landscapes where forest planning should have connectivity as a major concern and, afterwards, we detected the agricultural patches that would contribute most to enhance connectivity if they were reforested. The subsequent reforestation species assessment was performed within these priority patches. Using penalized logistic regressions we fitted ecological niche models for the Spanish native tree species. The models were trained with species distribution data from the Spanish Forest Map and used climatic and lithological variables as predictors. Model predictions were used to build ordered lists of suitable species for each priority patch. The lists include dominant and non dominant tree species and allow adding biodiversity goals to the reforestation planning. The result of this combined methodology is a map of agricultural patches that would contribute most to uphold forest connectivity if they were reforested and a list of suitable tree species for each patch ordered by occurrence probability. Therefore the proposed methodology may be useful for suitable and efficient forest planning and landscape designing.
Nombre congreso
Restoring forests: advances in techniques and theory, IUFRO meeting
Tipo de participación
Lugar del congreso
Madrid, Spain
Fecha inicio congreso
Fecha fin congreso
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Título de las actas
Restoring forests: advances in techniques and theory: Abstract Book
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Aitor Gaston Gonzalez (UPM)
  • Autor: Celia García Feced (UPM)
  • Autor: Santiago Fulgencio Saura Martinez de Toda (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ecología y Gestión Forestal Sostenible
  • Grupo de Investigación: Economía y Sostenibilidad del Medio Natural
S2i 2023 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)