Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Promoting mixed stands through conversion treatments. Effect of holm oak coppices thinning on black pine regeneration
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura,
  • Ingenierías
The effects of conversion treatments, depending on ecological factors and silvicultural parameters (thinning intensity, thinning type and rotation, among others) have been studied during the last fifteen years in an experimental trial in Central Spain. The general climate is continental Mediterranean; soils are low depth and limy; vegetation is an homogeneous dense coppices of Quercus ilex with isolated Pinus nigra trees. The experimental design (three locations) includes different thinning intensities (from 0 to 100% of extracted basal area). Inventories have been carried out in 1994 and 2010; thinning treatments were done in 1995 and 2011. Analysis of the effects of the conversion treatment show the increment of diameter and height growth rates, the canopy recovery and the stand resprouting, finding differences in these effects between thinning treatments. Besides the induced changes at holm oak stand, the application of conversion treatment clearly changed the woodland dynamics. Fifteen years after the thinnings, floristic composition varied and an abundant pine regeneration was installed in the woodland. In this work we describe the changes between inventories in tree species composition and diameter distribution, specially in the case of black pine. The conversion treatment caused changes in forest dynamics in the short term, increasing biodiversity and diversifying the forest structure. The fast installation of Pinus regeneration suggests the potential of the zone for the establishment of multipurpose mixed Quercus-Pinus stands in wide areas where Quercus species were favoured by human populations for firewood production. Conversion treatment of coppices, with the creation of mixed stands, constitutes a good management alternative for extensive areas and an interesting technique to adaptation to global change.
Nombre congreso
Medpine, 4th International Conference on Mediterranean Pines.
Tipo de participación
Lugar del congreso
Avignon, Francia
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Título de las actas
Conservation, Ecology, Restoration and Management of Mediterranean Pines and their Ecosystems: Challenges under global change
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Jose Alfredo Bravo Fernandez (UPM)
  • Autor: Sven Mutke (CIFOR-INIA)
  • Autor: Rafael Serrada Hierro (UPM)
  • Autor: Sonia Roig Gomez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ecología y Gestión Forestal Sostenible
  • Departamento: Silvopascicultura
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